Committee ChairFalco, Charles M.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractThe properties of superconducting YBa₂Cu₃O₇₋(δ) thin films have been studied. Films have been prepared by multilayer deposition followed by ex situ furnace annealing. Deposition consists of a combination of dc triode sputtering from metallic targets of Y and Cu and thermal evaporation from a BaF₂ source. Superconducting and structural properties of the films strongly depend on the annealing conditions. Several heat treatment cycles were investigated, as well as different compositions. Best results were obtained for films deposited on (100) SrTiO₃ substrates, exhibiting T(c)(onset) as high as 92 K and zero resistance by 85 K. The second part of this dissertation examines the properties of ceramic Nd₂₋ₓCeₓCuO₄₋(δ) and Nd₁ͺ₈₅Ce₀ͺ₁₅(Cu₁₋(y)Zn(y))O₄₋(δ) bulk samples. Superconducting properties are examined as a function of x and y. Accurate (± 0.001 Å) lattice parameter calculations are performed from experimental x-ray diffraction data. Comparisons with previous zinc-doping studies in the hole superconducting material La₁ͺ₈₅Sr₀ͺ₁₅CuO₄₋(δ) are made. Theoretical implications and the question of electron-hole symmetry in the copper oxide superconductors are also discussed.