The prospects of democratization in developing countries: The importance of state-society relationships, 1970-1988.
AuthorAbootalebi, Ali Reza.
KeywordsDemocracy -- Developing countries.
Democracy -- Islamic countries.
Developing countries -- Politics and government.
Islamic countries -- Politics and government.
Committee ChairMuller, Edward N.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThis study explores the prospects for the emergence of democratic regimes in developing countries in general and in Muslim countries in particular. This question has both intellectual and policy relevance for the 1990s and beyond. The optimistic view about the future of democracy has been challenged by Samuel Huntington who sees the status of democracy in the world in 1984 as not very different from what it was about ten years earlier. Huntington further claims that among the Islamic countries, "particularly those in the Middles East, the prospects for democratic development seem low." Huntington attributes this to the recent Islamic revivalism, particularly Shi'ah fundamentalism, and the poverty of many of the Muslim countries. This study will test and reject the thesis that Islam is directly responsible for the absence of democracy in the Muslim countries. A model to measure the society-state power index is proposed, with a control for Islam, to observe whether Islam plays a neutral role in the process of democratization or it is a force hindering the inauguration of democracy in Muslim countries. Support for a structural explanation of democratization is found. The failure by the developing countries to inaugurate democracy is due to the uneven distribution of socioeconomic and political power resources. The cultural explanations, e.g. the role of religion, are thus rejected. A total of 87 countries are included in a cross national regression analysis, consisting of 31 Muslim countries, 17 newly inaugurated democracies, and 39 other developing countries. The period under investigation covers 1970 through 1988. This study also has implications for the U.S. and other developed Western countries that are concerned with the persistence of authoritarianism in the developing countries. Some policy proposals are offered as to help establish democracy in developing countries.
Degree ProgramPolitical Science
Degree GrantorUniversity of Arizona
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
A Systematic Review of Physician-Patient Interactions and the Effect of Health Care Provider Bias and Knowledge on Adolescent Contraception Counseling in Developing Countries and Comprehensive Review: Contraceptive Use and Impact of Physician Counseling for Adolescent Patients of Method Choices and Side Effects in Developing CountriesCooke, Alexandra; The University of Arizona College of Medicine – Phoenix; Beyda, David (The University of Arizona., 2019)Unmet need for contraceptives in developing countries remains a social and health problem and adolescents are more likely to struggle in starting long-acting contraceptive methods, often due to side effect or other concerns. This study aimed to analyze the biases in the provider-patient relationship and counselling practices for adolescent patients in developing countries. Attention was placed on patient’s preferred method, cultural and moral biases, knowledge gaps of patient and providers, side effect knowledge, and attitudes impacting the relationship upon counseling quality and likelihood of contraceptive use. Systematic review of articles with MeSH terms “developing countries,” “contraception,” “adolescents,” and other search terms yielded 6745 articles; 14 articles were chosen for further review. Findings highlight negative impacts of providers’ ethical concerns and knowledge gaps when addressing method use and side effects. Low knowledge base by providers of varying skill level also highlight a need for improved training on family planning methods.
A Systematic Review of the Effectiveness of HIV Intervention Programs on HIV Rates, Condom Use, and Abstinence in Adolescents in Low Resource Countries and The Pathophysiology, Role, Prevention, and Treatment of HIV in Low Resource CountriesKeerthi, Svadharma; The University of Arizona College of Medicine – Phoenix; Yoblonski, Lara (The University of Arizona., 2019)There are high rates of HIV in adolescent girls in low resource countries due to the high incidence and prevalence of sexual violence. The purpose of this project is to collect the data of educational programs that aim to decrease rates of HIV and describe their characteristics, specifically, the rates of HIV, the rate of sexual violence, condom use, and sexual practices before and after intervention by education programs. The data shows that none of the studied measures changed after educational programs.
A CROSS-COUNTRY HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF SOVEREIGN DEBT AND HOW IT CAN BE APPLIED TO UNITED STATES SOVEREIGN DEBTNeumann, Todd; Schmietenknop, Stefan Earl (The University of Arizona., 2018)This paper will discuss the topic of sovereign debt in the United States as well as analyze different countries’ historical strategies to lower their own sovereign debts. These strategies have prevented other countries from losing international reputation, which causes them to no longer be able to borrow from foreign lenders. This topic of the United States’ sovereign debt problem is widely discussed as it as viewed as not urgent in today’s day in age, but unsolved it could lead to serious repercussions for the United States. Upon analysis of other countries’ historical strategies this paper will outline specific cuts in spending as well as increases in specific revenue areas that will ensure a reduction in the United States sovereign debt.