The partitioning of iron during the combustion of pulverized coal.
AuthorBool, Lawrence E., III.
Committee ChairWendt, Jost O.L.
Peterson, Thomas W.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThe presence of pyrite in coal has long been known to affect the slagging propensity of the coal when burned in industrial boilers. In particular it has been found that molten pyrite bonds very well to steel furnace tubes. In addition, it has been found that the amount of chemically bound iron greatly influences the slag contact angle and stickiness on steel heat transfer tubes. The goal of this research, which is part of a larger project headed by the PSI Technology Company to study mineral matter transformations during combustion, is to explore and model the mechanisms dominating the fate of iron during combustion. To achieve this goal a well characterized suite of coals was burned in a 17kW downfired laboratory combustor. Fly ash was extracted from the flue gas and size classified. These ash samples were then subjected to a number of analytical techniques including Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AA), Energy Dispersive X-Ray (EDX), Computer Controlled Scanning Electron Microscopy (CCSEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), and Mossbauer Spectroscopy to determine the ash bulk composition and morphology. Of these techniques, Transmission Electron Microscopy and Mossbauer, were instrumental in determining the iron-silicate interactions during combustion. Utilizing the information gleaned from the fly ash analysis, and work in the literature, it was possible to propose a pathway for iron interactions during combustion. A mechanistic model was then proposed to quantify the competition between processes governing iron oxidation/crystallization and those promoting iron-silicate mixing/reaction. This model described the partitioning of iron between chemically bound and physically bound phases. By utilizing kinetic parameters from the literature and fundamental transport phenomena, this model was able to successfully correlate data from several coals burned under a range of combustion conditions. The model can also be used to quantify the effect of combustion modifications and fuel property changes on iron partitioning.
Degree ProgramChemical Engineering