THEORIES OF REACTIVITY IN SELF-MONITORING: A COMPARISON OF OPERANT AND COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL MODELS.
AuthorMACE, F. CHARLES.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractThree theoretical models explaining reactivity in self-monitoring were examined including one cognitive-behavioral and two operant views. Each theoretical account was represented by the following self-monitoring conditions: (1) self-monitoring (Rachlin-operant recording response model), (2) self-monitoring and goal setting (Kanfer-cognitive-mediational model), (3) self-monitoring, goal setting and self-reinforcement (Nelson and Hayes-multiple cueing stimuli model), (4) goal setting and self-reinforcement (Kanfer-cognitive-mediational model), and (5) training only. The comparative effects of the five self-monitoring conditions on the dependent measure, verbal nonfluencies, were evaluated using a repeated measures analysis of covariance design with the pretest as covariate. Results of the study indicated that self-monitoring conditions containing a self-reinforcement component (i.e., conditions 3 and 4) produced the greatest reactivity. Moreover, the presence of reinforcement appeared to positively influence whether subjects reached their individually set goals for reducing nonfluencies. The vast majority of self-reported cognitions associated with the occurrence of the target behavior were independently judged to be neutral rather than self-reinforcing or self-punishing. The implications of this study for the role of external versus covert forms of reinforcement were discussed as well as the use of this technique in clinical practice.
Degree ProgramEducational Psychology