LARGE MOMENTUM TRANSFER KAON-PROTON ELASTIC SCATTERING AT BEAM MOMENTA OF 100 GEV/C AND 200 GEV/C.
AuthorKRUEGER, KEITH WILLIAM.
KeywordsCross sections (Nuclear physics)
Kaons -- Scattering.
Pions -- Scattering.
Particles (Nuclear physics)
Protons -- Scattering.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractMeasurements of the differential cross-section for elastic scattering of positive and negative kaons off of a proton target are given in this dissertation. The beam momenta were 100 GeV/c and 200 GeV/c. The range of t, the four momentum transfer squared, measured was 0.4 < -t < 3.0. The experiment was performed at Fermilab. The data is consistent with previous experiments. Because of the much greater statistical accuracy of this experiment, it is now clear that the apparent equality of the pion and kaon cross-sections at larger t was due to poor statistical accuracy. The experimental results are not predicted by any theory. Furthermore, the difference between the pion and kaon differential cross-sections is not explained by geometrical scaling, as it was in the past.
Degree GrantorUniversity of Arizona
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
RESONANCE AND ASYMPTOTIC SERIES BASED IDENTIFICATION OF AN ACOUSTICALLY RIGID SPHERE (SINGULARITY EXPANSION METHOD).Dudley, Donald G.; WEYKER, ROBERT RICHARD.; Williams, Jeffery T.; Pao, Hsueh-yaun; West, Karen F. (The University of Arizona., 1986)Identification of the resonances and the local determination of the radius of curvature of an acoustically rigid sphere from simulated transient input-output data is presented. The scattering from the sphere is formulated using three techniques: the classic Mie-Lorenz series, the singularity expansion method (SEM), and the asymptotic series approximation. The Mie-Lorenz series is used to provide synthetic data. The SEM and the asymptotic series are used to develop two parametric inverse models. The scattered velocity potential is separated into three components: the reflection, the first creeping wave, and the second creeping wave. The effect of removing various components of the scattered potential on the resonance identification is shown, along with the effect of adding small amounts of noise. We find that the identification of a few resonances requires a relatively high order autoregressive, moving-average model. In addition, we show that removing the reflection from the synthetic output has only a small effect on the single or multiple output identified resonances. However, we find that changing the time origin, removing the second creeping wave, or adding small amounts of noise results in large errors in the identified resonances. We find that the radius of curvature can be accurately determined from synthetic data using the asymptotic series based identification. In addition, the identification is robust in the presence of noise, and requires only a low order asymptotic series model.
Scattering of light from two parallel dielectric cylinders at normal incidence: An experimental determination.Bickel, William S.; Padmabandu, Gamaralalage Gunasiri. (The University of Arizona., 1989)The entire sixteen element scattering matrix for two parallel dielectric fibers over an angular range of θ = 5°-170° as measured from the forward θ = 0 direction has been experimentally measured using the polarization modulation technique. Experimental results were in good agreement with theory for light scattering from two parallel fibers. Measurements were made for both endside and broadside illuminations at normal incidence for fibers at various separations from 2 μm to 70 μm. Laser wavelengths used were 632.8 nm and 441.2 nm, and fiber radii were 0.400±0.002 μm, 0.370±0.002 μm, 0.428±0.002 μm, and 0.406±0.002 μm. Special care was taken to measure the fiber radii, fiber separation, and to establish the parallelism between the two fibers. Electrostatic attraction between the fibers prevented the investigation for separation below 2 μm. A vibration detection device based on two-fiber light scattering has also been suggested.
A new method for the detection and correction of errors due to interior resonance for the problem of scattering from cylinders of arbitrary cross-sectionSeidel, David B. (The University of Arizona., 1974)