THE DISPOSITION AND BIOTRANSFORMATION OF POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYL CONGENERS IN ISOLATED RAT HEPATOCYTES
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractThe metabolism and distribution of three commonly occurring PCB congeners, 4,4'-dichlorobiphenyl (4-DCB), 2,2',3,3',6,6'-hexachlorobiphenyl (236-HCB) and 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (245-HCB), each displaying different structural features, were investigated at their principal metabolic site, the hepatocyte. Hepatocytes, isolated from male Sprague-Dawley rats (200-250 g) by collagenase perfusion, were suspended in medium 199 and maintained at 37°C in a gyratory shaker. The radiolabeled ¹⁴C-PCB congeners were added to the hepatocyte suspensions as a DMSO-albumin mixture. Each congener was rapidly taken up by the cells with less than 10% of the congener remaining in the medium. The congeners accumulated within the hepatocytes without being fully metabolized. Metabolism followed first order Michaelis-Menten kinetics for 20 min and plateaued by 90 min at which point only 32% of 4-DCB (0.01-100 uM) and 60% of 236-HCB (0.01-100 uM) was metabolized, while 245-HCB (0.1-200 uM) was not metabolized. Readdition of congener once metabolism had plateaued resulted in a reinitiation of metabolism with the same proportion of metabolites produced indicating that product inhibition was not the cause for the plateau. A partitioning of the PCB congeners within subcellular compartments and binding to cytosolic proteins influenced the extent of metabolism by decreasing the availability of congener for the drug metabolizing enzymes, cytochrome P-450. Spectral binding studies further revealed that the ability of a PCB congener to bind to the cytochrome P-450 system correlated with the extent of metabolism observed, with 236-HCB 4-DCB 245-HCB. The metabolic potential of the PCB congeners was influenced by both the affinity of the congener for cytochrome P-450 and the partitioning of congener within the hepatocyte, and not by product inhibition.
Degree ProgramPharmacology & Toxicology