Etiological risk factors in juvenile delinquency: A comparison of Swiss and American adolescents.
AuthorVázsonyi, Alexander Thomas.
KeywordsJuvenile delinquency -- Switzerland.
Juvenile delinquency -- United States.
Juvenile delinquents -- Switzerland.
Juvenile delinquents -- United States.
Committee ChairRowe, David
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThis dissertation examined etiological risk factors in juvenile delinquency from a control theory perspective (social and self-control theories). Two adolescent samples were used for this purpose: A Swiss national sample (N = 970) and a local American sample (N = 232). Four main questions were empirically examined: First, whether rates of deviance in delinquency were different by Swiss educational tracks (apprentices versus Gymnasium students) and by national origin (Swiss versus "non-Swiss"). Second, whether underlying developmental processes in juvenile delinquency were similar by educational tracks, by language regions, and by birth origins. Third, whether self-control was predictive of later deviance (U.S. sample). And finally, what explanation applied to the rates of delinquency in Swiss and American youth. The findings were: (1) Apprentices were more delinquent than Gymnasium students; no difference was found by national origin; (2) self-control during early adolescence was highly predictive of delinquent behavior four years later; and (3) American youths were consistently more delinquent than their Swiss age mates, especially on more serious acts. Although developmental processes in delinquency were similar for both groups, Swiss youth reported closer family relations and a higher level of self-control. These closer family relations and the greater self-control accounted for over 70 percent of the mean level difference in delinquency by nation. The discussion section focuses on implications of this study's findings for the tenets of self-control theory as well as its implications for national differences.
Degree ProgramFamily and Consumer Resources
Degree GrantorUniversity of Arizona
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Juvenile delinquency on the Navajo reservationDeloria, Vine, Jr.; Fehr, Angela Birgit, 1964- (The University of Arizona., 1989)Three major theories on juvenile delinquency were examined with respect to their applicability to Navajo juvenile crime. The theories selected were social disorganization-social control theory, status frustration-structural strain theory, and normative conflict-differential association theory. An overview of Navajo social organization was given with a focus on traditional methods of deviance control in Navajo society. Additionally, surveys were administered to 111 students at all levels of Chinle High School on the Navajo reservation. Cross-tabulations were used to determine gender differences with respect to the commission of delinquent acts, as well as possible correlations between alcohol abuse in the students' home and liquor offenses committed by students. Religious affiliation, religiosity, as well as selected aspects of acculturation were examined in their relation to Navajo juvenile delinquency.