DEVELOPMENT OF A GENERALIZED CONSTITUTIVE MODEL AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION IN SOIL-STRUCTURE INTERACTION (PLASTICITY).
AuthorFARUQUE, MD. OMAR.
Soils -- Plastic properties -- Mathematical models.
Soil structure -- Mathematical models.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractThe general principles of continuum mechanics such as conservation of mass, conservation of momenta, first and second law of thermodynamics are applicable to all materials irrespective of their internal constitutions. These principles alone do not provide sufficient equations to obtain solutions for any boundary value problems. The additional equations are provided by the constitutive laws. There are many groups of constitutive theories. Of them, the theory of plasticity describes rate independent nonlinear and inelastic behavior of materials. A plasticity-based constitutive law is proposed herein for geological materials. The model, however, may also be used for other frictional materials. A generalized approach is followed in formulating the proposed constitutive model. The technique can be used to construct plasticity-based constitutive models for any other materials. A series of laboratory tests are performed on cubical soil specimens using a truly triaxial testing device. The testing device is such that the samples can be subjected to a general three-dimensional state of stress. The test data is used to determine the material constants associated with the proposed constitutive model. The model is then verified by back-predicting the stress-strain curves obtained from the laboratory. As a final step, the proposed constitutive model is implemented into a three-dimensional finite element procedure. A number of boundary value problems are analyzed using the proposed model. The results are compared with the observation. It is found that the proposed model can effectively characterize the nonlinear and inelastic response of frictional materials. Although the proposed model is investigated with respect to soils, it can also be applied for concrete, rocks, etc.
Degree ProgramCivil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics