ARTHRITIS AND ANGER: AN APPLICATION OF ANGER THERAPY AS A GESTALT COUNSELING STRATEGY WITH RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIC WOMEN (STRESS, PSYCHOSOMATIC).
AuthorWOODS, DORIS ELLEN.
KeywordsArthritis -- Psychological aspects.
Anger -- Psychological aspects.
Rheumatism -- Psychosomatic aspects.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractA series of five individual studies explored: (1) Whether a treatment focus emphasizing active anger expression would alter the subject's awareness of and ability to express anger and (2) Whether such a treatment focus would alter the subject's experience of illness in the form of her report of pain and stiffness as "better", "the same", or "worse" than yesterday's experience. The treatment strategy utilized general Gestalt principles and was further focused on specific techniques of Anger Therapy as an agent of change. Evaluation of outcome in this time-lagged multiple baseline design viewed the overall process from the beginning of a baseline observation period through a maximum of one week following the conclusion of the last six weekly treatment sessions; daily measurement of the process of change during treatment; and clinical description of the subjects and of the treatment process itself. The overall process was formally assessed in pre and post treatment testing which included the Novaco Anger Inventory, Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory, Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale, and FIRO-B. Daily telephone interview measured the frequency of anger awareness, anger expression; and ratings of anger intensity, overall daily mood, pain, and stiffness. Information from the treatment process was integrated with that obtained from other sources in discussing the outcome for each subject. It was concluded that intense anger expression appeared to effect temporary or transitory improvement in pain; that there was a relationship between each subject's perceived daily anger intensity and pain which appeared consistent for all subjects studied; and that issues of need for approval and control appeared related to anger awareness and expression as measured by the psychometrics utilized. These were recommended as potentially fruitful areas of future investigation. Background data revealed striking similarities in birth order and parenting practices which seemed worthy of further study as well.
Degree ProgramCounseling and Guidance