BROADLEAF WEED CONTROL IN SEEDLING FIELDS OF SIDEOATS GRAMA AT VARIOUS STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractTwo varieties of sideoats grama (Vaughn and NM-28) were planted in late summer of 1980. The seedlings were treated with a variety of broadleaf weed control treatments at 1-, 3-, 5-leaf, and tillering stages of grass seedling growth to determine the effectiveness of these treatments for controlling weeds and the appropriate stages of grass seedling growth to apply them and consequently on grass establishment, density, forage production and plant height. Four months after seeding, NM-28 stands were more dense, produced more forage and the plants were taller than Vaughn. Treatments of dicamba at 0.28 and 0.56 kg/ha were the most effective herbicidal treatments in controlling weeds and resulted in highest stand densities and yields when applied at the 1- and 3-leaf seedling growth. Both treatments gave over 90% control of weeds at the earlier stages but control decreased at later stages of treatment. Lower control resulted when 2,4-D at 0.56 and 1.12 kg/ha were applied. Even though hand weeding treatment resulted weed-free plots during the first four months of seedling development, it resulted in less stand densities and yields when compared to herbicidal treatments. One year after treatment, Vaughn established into taller stands and produced higher yields than NM-28. Dicamba 0.28 kg/ha and 2,4-D 0.56 kg/ha effectively aided in better stand density and yield. Treatments applied at earlier stages of growth resulted in better establishment of both varieties. Dicamba at 0.28 kg/ha was the most effective herbicidal treatment for both varieties. However, hand weeding evaluated one year after seeding, effectively increased both accessions' yield and was the most effective treatment. Greenhouse and laboratory experiments were conducted to determine the uptake and distribution of ('14)C-2,4-D in both sideoats grama accessions and palmer amaranth seedling plant parts at 1, 4, 8 and 24h after treatment. Over all harvest times, 25.3, 2.8 and 3.1% activity were recovered in Vaughn treated leaf, tillers and crown, respectively. That was compared to 33.9, .68 and 6.8% in the same NM-28 plant parts, respectively. Higher percentages of activity were recovered in palmer amaranth plant parts; 50.5% in treated leaf, 8.5% above treated leaf and 5.4% below.
Degree ProgramPlant Sciences