STRESS-STRAIN AND VOLUME CHANGE CHARACTERISTICS OF TAILINGS MATERIALS (CRITICAL VOID RATIO, LIQUEFACTION, SILTY SANDS).
AuthorCHEN, HSIEN WU.
Advisorvan Zyl, Dirk
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThe stress-strain and volume (or pore pressure) change characteristics of a Southern Arizona copper mine tailings material were investigated in the laboratory by conducting static loading triaxial compression tests. The tailings material is silty sand with highly angular grain shapes, rough grain surface texture and approximately 37% by weight passing No. 200 sieve. Isotropically consolidated drained (CID) and isotropically consolidated undrained (CIU) tests were performed on laboratory compacted samples. The test samples were loaded to relatively large axial strains (20-35%) to study the residual shear strength and the shear stress induced pore pressure change or volume change at steady state. Test sample densities and effective confining stresses were systematically varied in these tests. The definition of critical void ratio and "lower" critical void ratio were reviewed and their values for different effective confining stresses were obtained from the CID tests. Stress-strain and volume (or pore pressure) change curves and strength parameters obtained by using conventional and lubricated loading end platens were compared and discussed. Steady state lines and undrained brittleness indices were obtained from the CIU tests with strain-controlled and load-controlled loading methods. The liquefaction potential of the tailings material was then evaluated. These results were compared with others reported in the literature. The significance of the results was discussed with respect to tailings material behavior.
Degree ProgramCivil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics