NONLINEAR OPTICAL TRANSVERSE EFFECTS: CW ON-RESONANCE ENHANCEMENT, CW OFF-RESONANCE INTERFERENCE RINGS, CROSSTALK, INTRACAVITY PHASE SWITCHING, SELF-DEFOCUSING IN GALLIUM-ARSENIDE BISTABLE ETALON, SELF-FOCUSING AND SELF-DEFOCUSING OPTICAL BISTABILITY, AND INSTABILITIES (SODIUM VAPOR, WAVE PROPAGATION, OPTICAL CHAOS).
AdvisorGibbs, Hyatt. M.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractNonlinear optical transverse effects, which arise from the interaction of a Gaussian beam with a nonlinear medium, are discussed. They are cw on-resonance enhancement (CORE), cw off-resonance rings, crosstalk, intracavity phase switching, self-defocusing of a bistable etalon, and thin-sample-encoding (TSE) self-lensing (i.e., self-focusing or self-defocusing) bistability and instabilities. CORE is the enhancement of the on-axis intensity of an on-resonance laser beam in a two-level medium. We report the first observation of CORE using sodium vapor. Cw off-resonance rings, resulting from a pure phase encoding or from simultaneous phase and amplitude encodings, are observed using sodium vapor. These rings have been observed many time before, but we have made the first careful comparison with numerical calculations. Parallel operation and external switching are two crucial themes for the application of bistable optical devices (BODs). For parallel operation, crosstalk between nearby BODs on the same etalon due to diffraction coupling may need to be avoided. Minimum separations needed to ensure independent operation are computed. For external switching, intracavity phase switching using a plane-wave input can switch on (or off) a BOD using an external pulse. The validity of this concept for a Gaussian input is numerically simulated. Self-defocusing effects, resulting in some interesting effects in the transverse bistable loops, are observed using a GaAs-GaAlAs bistable etalon. The results are confirmed by numerical simulations. TSE self-lensing bistability is observed using a short sodium cell and a single mirror. TSE self-lensing bistability results from an enhancement in the feedback via self-lensing of the beam. The lack of an optical resonator and the use of a thin medium make TSE setup a good candidate to study the Ikeda instability. We report the first observation of the Ikeda instability in this all-optical passive system using a cw input. Numerical simulations show a rich bifurcation sequence not yet fully studied experimentally.
Degree ProgramOptical Sciences
Degree GrantorUniversity of Arizona
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