• Cotton Irrigation Scheduling, Safford Agricultural Center, 1988

      Clark, L. J.; Carpenter, E. W.; Scherer, T.; Slack, D.; Fox, F.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Isbell, Joan (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1989-03)
      Cotton was grown using historical evapotranspiration data in the Erie method a checkbook method using real-time AZMET weather data, an infrared thermometer, and a faint manager to schedule irrigations. Yields of 4 bales per acre were recorded with no significant differences between the scheduling methods. Differences were seen in the plant growth and maturity. More refining will be done in subsequent investigations.
    • Cotton Variety Observation, Safford Agricultural Center 1988

      Clark, L. J.; Carpenter, E. W.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Isbell, Joan (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1989-03)
      Twenty-four short staple cotton varieties were compared in a strip trial on the Safford Agricultural Center, 15 of which were seen for the first time, 7 of which were acala varieties from New Mexico. Three varieties, BR 110, Delta Pine Experimental 7124-293, and Northrup King KNX111 (now KC 311) exceeded the yield of the standard variety DP 90 by 12.6 %, 8.1 %, and 4 %, respectively. Other new cultivars that performed well but didn't exceed the yield of the standard, were HYP 1211, HYP 274, and Acala 2745. The first 2 are hybrids supplied by Dr. Warner Fisher, the latter is an experimental acala from New Mexico State University. Per acre values were affected by lint value as well as lint yield per acre. Using a value of $0.65/lb for New Mexico acala and $0.56/lb for Delta Pine acala, Acala 2745 produced $975/ac compared with DP 90's $916/ac and BR 110's $1031/ac.
    • The Effects of Methyl Bromide Fumigants on Verticillium Wilt on Two Varieties of Short Staple Cotton, Safford Agricultural Center, 1988

      Clark, L. J.; Carpenter, E. W.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Isbell, Joan (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1989-03)
      Methyl bromid/chloropicrin formulations were applied to strips in the verticillium nursery at the Safford Agricultural Center where two varieties of short staple cotton were subsequently planted. More robust plant growth and reduced incidence of disease were noted with some of the treatments. Yield increases over the check plots were also seen. A study of the residual effects of the treatments will be performed in 1989.
    • Soil Amendments on Cotton, Safford Agricultural Center, 1988

      Clark, L. J.; Carpenter, E. W.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Isbell, Joan (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1989-03)
      Cotton was grown in the fourth year of a soil amendment trial that evaluated 4 different soil amendments in 12 treatments on the Safford Agricultural Center. Yields varied from 1,659 to 1,392 pounds of lint per acre but none of the treatments yielded statistically different from the check. The higher yields were seen in the treatments with high and medium rates of soil sulfur, Boligrow, or gypsum, the lower yields were seen in the treatments with low rates of those amendments or with a biological amendment, but the conclusion of the study is that soil amendments did not significantly increase yields on that soil with its EC value of 2.3 dS/m. Crop and fiber quality measurements are reported here.