• Cotton Response to Water and Nitrogen, 1988

      Roth, R. L.; Gardner, B. R.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Isbell, Joan (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1989-03)
      Water - nitrogen production functions were determined for cotton cultivars, DPL 77 and DPL 90. Cotton yields for the DPL 90 cultivar were reduced more than the DPL 77 cultivar when water applications were reduced. Cotton yields of 3.0 to 3.4 bales/acre were predicted for nitrogen applications of 160 to 210 lbs/acre with appropriate water applications.
    • Effects of Banded Phosphorus Fertilizer on Cotton

      Silvertooth, J. C.; Doerge, T. A.; Thacker, G. W.; Stedman, S. W.; Malcuit, J. E.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Isbell, Joan (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1989-03)
      Four field experiments were established in 1988 in Arizona to evaluate the effects of banded phosphorus (P) fertilizers on cotton. 2 sites involved upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) and 2 sites with pima (G. barbadense L. var Pima S-6), with 1 of each located near Marana, AZ (Vinton Anthony sandy loam). A site with 1 of each kinds was also located near Coolidge, AZ (Mohall sandy loam). At the Marana studies, P was applied 6 inches directly below the zone of seed placement at the time of listing and at the Coolidge sites, P was applied 6 inches below and 2 inches to the side of the zone of seed placement after listing but before planting. In all cases, the P source was 10-34-0 at rates of 0, 30, and 65 lb. P₂O₅ acre⁻¹. At the Marana location, a treatment of banded 10-34-0 at 30 lb. P₂O₅ acre⁻¹ plus a foliar application of 10 lb. P₂O₅ acre⁻¹ (early bloom) as 10-34-0 was included in both the upland and the pima experiments. Plant measurements for plant height, flower numbers, node numbers, boll numbers, and nodes to first fruiting branch were taken to evaluate plant response throughout the season. Plant tissue samples were also taken for leaf petiole PO₄-P and leaf blade total P analysis. Lint yield measurements were also taken. No statistically significant (P < 0.05) differences were found among any of the treatments for any of the measured parameters, except in the petiole PO₄-P levels from the upland study at Coolidge on the second sampling date.
    • The Effects of Soil Compaction from Different Sewage Sludge Application Methods on Cotton Growth and Yield

      Ottman, M. J.; Day, A. D.; Coates, W. E.; Solomon, M.; Pepper, I. L.; Taylor, B. B.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Isbell, Joan (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1989-03)
    • Energy Consumption and Yields for Cotton Tillage Systems

      Rein, B. K.; Thacker, G. W.; Coates, W. E.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Isbell, Joan (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1989-03)
      The energy consumption of 2 alternative tillage systems for continuous cotton production in Arizona were compared to a conventional system. The tests were conducted at the University of Arizona Marana Agricultural Center. Results of the study in a Pima I clay loam soil showed the sundance treatment to have the lowest energy requirement of 39 Hp-hr /ac (73 kW-h/ha); the USM system had the second highest of 58 Hp-hr /ac (107 kW-h/ha). The conventional system required 67 Hp-hr /ac (124 kW- h/ha). Average yields for all 3 systems were not significantly different. A continuation of this study will be conducted to determine long-term effects on energy consumption, yields, and soil compaction.
    • The Influence of Sewage Sludge on Nitrogen Availability, Crop Growth, and Yield at Marana, 1988

      Ottman, M. J.; Day, A. D.; Pepper, I. L.; Taylor, B. B.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Isbell, Joan (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1989-03)
    • Phosphate Sorption of Several Arizona Soils

      Silvertooth, J. C.; Gardner, B. R.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Isbell, Joan (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1989-03)
      Phosphate (P) adsorption of 6 agriculturally- important Arizona soils was studied by use of adsorption isotherm experiments and with conventional Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption models. Adsorption experiments were conducted at 25°C where each soil was placed in a 10:1 (solution:soil) ratio using 0.01M CaCl₂ as a background solution. Each soil was subjected to 4 levels of inorganic P addition using Ca(H₂PO₄)₂H₂O as the P source. Use of the Langmuir model was significant in all cases (P ≤ 0.05) with r² values ranging from 0.93 to 0.99. Capacity parameter estimates obtained from the models indicated P adsorption potentials of up to 357 lb. acre⁻¹ (818 lb. P₂0₅ acre⁻¹) for the soils studied. Application of the Freundlich model revealed r² values of 0.88 to 0.99 with all models proving to be significant (P ≤ 0.05).
    • Response of Cotton to a Preplant Zinc Sulfate Application

      Hofmann, W. C.; Else, P. T.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Isbell, Joan (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1989-03)
      The effect of a single preplant application of zinc sulfate on DPL 77 yield was investigated at the Maricopa Agricultural Center on a field that had tested as marginal with respect to zinc availability. No significant difference in yield was found between the plants receiving zinc sulfate and the control.
    • Response of Cotton to Various Fertilization Histories

      Hofmann, W. C.; Else, P. T.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Isbell, Joan (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1989-03)
      Effects of various fertilization histories on cotton yield were investigated for the fourth consecutive year in the same field at the Maricopa Agricultural Center. Treatments included: 1) no fertilizers added for the past 4 seasons, 2) aggressive nitrogen fertilization in the 1988 season, no fertilization for the previous 3 seasons, 3) standard nitrogen fertilization in 1988 similar treatment for the previous 3 seasons, 4) aggressive nitrogen fertilization in 1988 same history as treatment #3 for previous 3 seasons, and 5) a commercial alternative fertilization program (BioHumaNetics, Inc.). Yields in 1988 were significantly different with treatment 2 having the highest yield followed by treatments 3 and 4, followed by treatment 5; treatment 1 had the lowest yield.
    • Response of Pima Cotton to Zinc Fertilization in Pima County, 1988

      Silvertooth, J. C.; Thacker, G.; Doerge, T. A.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Isbell, Joan (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1989-03)
      A single field experiment was conducted near Marana, AZ, in 1988 to evaluate the effects of both soil - and foliar- applied zinc (Zn) fertilizers on the yield of pima cotton. The soil had a preseason level of 0.6 ppm Zn (DTPA extractable). Treatments included 10 lbs. Zn acre⁻¹ (as ZnSO₄) broadcast incorporated preplant, 0.5 lbs. Zn acre⁻¹ applied as a foliar treatment at early bloom, and a treatment consisting of both the soil and foliar Zn applications. Yield results revealed no differences among any of the treatments in comparison to one another, or the check treatment.
    • Soil Amendments on Cotton, Safford Agricultural Center, 1988

      Clark, L. J.; Carpenter, E. W.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Isbell, Joan (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1989-03)
      Cotton was grown in the fourth year of a soil amendment trial that evaluated 4 different soil amendments in 12 treatments on the Safford Agricultural Center. Yields varied from 1,659 to 1,392 pounds of lint per acre but none of the treatments yielded statistically different from the check. The higher yields were seen in the treatments with high and medium rates of soil sulfur, Boligrow, or gypsum, the lower yields were seen in the treatments with low rates of those amendments or with a biological amendment, but the conclusion of the study is that soil amendments did not significantly increase yields on that soil with its EC value of 2.3 dS/m. Crop and fiber quality measurements are reported here.
    • Successes and Failures in Foliar Applications to Correct Zinc Deficiency

      Mauney, J. R.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Isbell, Joan (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1989-03)