• Comparison of Three Irrigation Scheduling Methods and Evaluation of Irrigation Leaching Characteristics

      Scherer, T.; Slack, D.; Watson, J.; Fox, F.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
      Three methods were used to schedule irrigations during 1989 on replicated plots at the Maricopa Ag Center using DPL 90 cotton. This is a continuation of the research initiated in 1988 using the same field The three methods were; a soil water balance model based on historic consumptive use curves, a soil water balance model based on the Modified Penman Equation and daily weather (AZMET), and infrared thermometry using the C.W.S.I. A potassium- bromide conservative tracer was applied at selected sites in the plots to evaluate leaching characteristics. The irrigation scheduling test was again duplicated at the Safford Experiment Station and is presented in another report. Results from this years data indicate that there was no significant difference in yield among the three methods. However, as in 1988 there was a significant difference in water applied with historic consumptive use (ERIE) the lowest and the Penman equation method (CHECKBOOK) the highest.
    • Irrigation Scheduling on Long and Short Staple Cotton, Safford Agricultural Center, 1989

      Clark, L. J.; Carpenter, E. W.; Scherer, T.; Slack, D.; Fox, F.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
      Two irrigation scheduling trials were performed in 1989, one for short staple and one for long staple. Yields in the trials were very good with the best treatments yielding over 1700 and 1600 pounds of lint per acre for DP 90 and S-4 respectively. The treatment using Infrared thermometry was the best overall treatment in the short - staple trial, with the highest yield, the highest percent first pick, the shortest plants, the lowest water use and the highest water use efficiency. The two computer methods were very close to the IR treatment in yield and percent first pick, but grew taller plants with more water and were not as efficient with their water use. The trial on long staple cotton was encouraging in that reasonable yields were obtained using short-staple parameters. The computer model using AZMET data yielded significantly lower than the other treatments, indicating that we need to refine the evapotranspiration crop coefficients.
    • Pima Cotton Irrigation Scheduling Using Infrared Thermometers and the Crop Water Stress Index

      Garrot, D. J. Jr.; Stedman, S.; Fangmeier, D. D.; Husman, S. H.; Benedict, B.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
      The Crop Water Stress Index (CWSI) was used to schedule irrigations on Pima S-6 cotton on 12 four-acre furrow-irrigated test plots in Coolidge and 20 drip- irrigated test plots at the Campus Agricultural Center in Tucson. Scheduling irrigations between 0.30 and 0.50 CWSI units resulted in highest lint production and plant water use efficiency at both locations.
    • A Sensor System for Monitoring Cotton Water Status

      Fangmeier, D. D.; Husman, S. H.; Garrot, D. J. Jr.; Yitajew, M.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)