• Nitrogen Management in Irrigated Cotton

      Silvertooth, J. C.; Clark, L. J.; Carpenter, E. W.; Malcuit, J. E.; Else, P. T.; Doerge, T. A.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
      Two field experiments were conducted in 1989 in Arizona to compare several methods of nitrogen (N) management in Upland and Pima cotton. Standard preplant, preplant plus sidedress, and use of soil and petiole analysis for NO₃⁻-N were the basic methods of N fertilization management compared. A nonfertilized check treatment also was included with the N management treatments, which were arranged in a randomized complete block design in each experiment. Preseason soil samples and a series of in- season petiole samples were taken for all treatments and analyzed for NO₃⁻-N. The concentrations of NO₃⁻-N in the petioles reflected the boll load obtained and the crop fruiting patterns as well as the N fertilization patterns in the respective treatments. Final lint yield analysis revealed distinct differences among the treatments imposed at the Maricopa location but no statistically significant differences at the Safford location.
    • Pima Cotton Genetics

      Percy, R. G.; Turcotte, E. L.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
      In an investigation of the genetic diversity and structure of Gossvpium barbadense L. it was determined that northwestern South America was the species' center of variability and probably the species' center of origin. Cultivars of the species were found to possess as much genetic variability as the center of variability. Cultivar variability was due in large part to introgression with G. hirsutum. Studies of interspecific hybrid performance revealed that development of G. barbadense parents could significantly affect the plant height, earliness, and yield of the resulting hybrids. Environment significantly affected hybrid performance and could enhance or obscure any beneficial effects of hybrid parent selection. A conversion program to convert photoperiodic short-day flowering tropical accessions to day neutrality continues. Preliminary results from inheritance and linkage studies of a male sterility factor and a foliar mutant indicate that both are single gene, recessive traits. No linkages between the male sterility factor and 21 marker traits were found.
    • Pima Cotton Improvement

      Turcotte, E. L.; Percy, R. G.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
      Five experimental strains, P67, P69, P71, P72, P73, and Pima S -6 were grown in Regional tests at eight locations in 1989. P69 averaged highest in mean yield across locations followed by P73, Pima S-6, P71, P67 and P72. The difference in mean yield between P69, the highest yielding entry, and Pima S-6 was 35 pounds of lint per acre. Pima S-6 was the latest maturing and tallest entry in the Regional test at Maricopa. Pima S-6 also showed less tolerance to heat stress than the experimental strains. The experimental strains had longer, stronger, finer, and more whitish fiber than Pima S-6.
    • Pima Cotton Irrigation Scheduling Using Infrared Thermometers and the Crop Water Stress Index

      Garrot, D. J. Jr.; Stedman, S.; Fangmeier, D. D.; Husman, S. H.; Benedict, B.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
      The Crop Water Stress Index (CWSI) was used to schedule irrigations on Pima S-6 cotton on 12 four-acre furrow-irrigated test plots in Coolidge and 20 drip- irrigated test plots at the Campus Agricultural Center in Tucson. Scheduling irrigations between 0.30 and 0.50 CWSI units resulted in highest lint production and plant water use efficiency at both locations.
    • PIX Multiple Application Evaluations in Arizona on Upland and Pima Cotton, 1989

      Silvertooth, J. C.; Malcuit, J. E.; Howell, D. R.; Farr, C. R.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
    • Plant Growth Regulator Research on Upland Cotton at the Maricopa and Marana Agricultural Centers in 1989

      Briggs, R. E.; Nelson, J. M.; Hart, G.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
      Field tests were conducted at the Maricopa and Marana Agricultural Centers to evaluate the effectiveness of growth regulators on Deltapine 90 cotton. With full season management, the check treatment yielded as well as any of the growth regulator treatments at both locations.
    • Planting Date and Susceptibility to Pink Bollworm

      Brown, P.; Huber, R.; Moore, L.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
      The susceptibility of cotton to spring emergence of pink bollworm (PBW) was evaluated for a variety of planting dates in Pinal Maricopa, LaPaz and Yuma counties using historical climate records and heat-unit-based models that predict PBW emergence and cotton development. Early planted cotton proved most susceptible to the PBW emergence, however, cotton type (shoe vs. long staple) and springtime weather conditions both played an important role in overall susceptibility.
    • Potential Injury to Rotational Crops Following Single or Multiple Applications of Bladex to Cotton 3

      Chernicky, J. P.; Rodgers, C. A.; Heathman, E. S.; Hamilton, K. C.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
    • Regional Variety Tests

      Pegelow, E. J. Jr.; McAlister, A. C.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
      Regional variety tests were conducted at Maricopa, and Marana Agricultural Centers in continuing cooperation with the beltwide testing program. The national standards included in this test were Coker 139, Deltapine 50, and Paymaster 145. Lint yields for each variety, at both locations, are given in Table 1.
    • Response of Texas Root Rot to a Soil Sterilant the Second Year After Application in Marana, 1989

      Thacker, G. W.; Silvertooth, J. C.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
      Two years after sterilizing a sandy loam soil in Marana, we measured significant yield responses of short staple cotton. The yield response was significant in the first year as well, but was not enough to pay the cost of sterilization. This second year of yield response made the treatment economically feasible.
    • A Sensor System for Monitoring Cotton Water Status

      Fangmeier, D. D.; Husman, S. H.; Garrot, D. J. Jr.; Yitajew, M.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
    • Sewage Sludge Effects on Soil Properties, Nitrogen Availability, and Yield at Marana, 1989

      Ottman, M. J.; Pepper, I. L.; Artiola, J. F.; Taylor, B. B.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
    • Short and Long Staple Variety Trials, Greenlee County, 1989

      Clark, Lee. J.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
      Two short staple and one long staple variety trials were implemented in Greenlee County in 1989, with new varieties topping each trial. The most exciting new discovery was HS 46, which topped the competition in the short-staple trial by nearly 200 pounds of lint per acre. In the acala trial, the top four entries were composed of three New Mexico experimentals and Prema from the San Joaquin Valley. Any one of these acalas could become the new standard for the valley. P-69 in the long staple cotton trial yielded over 850 pounds of lint per acre and topped the S-6 yield by 25%. The testing program in Greenlee County is not only of benefit to the cotton producers and related agri-businesses in southeastern Arizona, but also to southwestern New Mexico.
    • Short Staple Demonstrations, Graham County, 1989

      Clark, Lee. J.; Cluff, Ronald E.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
      Short- staple variety trials were grown in two locations in Graham County in 1989. Exceptional weather conditions, coupled with good management practices, provided record cotton yields in the Safford valley. Delta Pine 77 was the highest yielding variety in the Thatcher location with a yield of 1740 pounds of lint per acre. An experimental acala from New Mexico came in second in this triad ahead of Delta Pine 90. Delta Pine 90 was the highest yielding variety in the Eden area with a yield of 1196 pounds per acre. Data on percent first pick plant height and plant populations are presented for each variety in each location. Graphs of heat units received each day throughout the growing season at the AZMET station on the Safford Agricultural Center are presented for 1988 and 1989.
    • Short Staple Variety Demonstration, Maricopa Agricultural Center, 1989

      Malcuit, J.; Silvertooth, J.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
      A short staple variety trial was conducted on the demonstration farm, at the Maricopa Agricultural Center in 1989. Twenty varieties, received from various seed companies, were entered into the test. Results from the analysis showed significant differences among varieties with no observable performance trend in terms of maturity types (long or short season). The lint yields in this test ranged from 4679 to 3353 lbs. acre⁻¹ for DPL90, and S55 respectively.
    • Short Staple Variety Demonstration, Yuma County, 1989

      Howell, D. R.; Silvertooth, J.; Malcuit, J.; Sharp, D.; Sharp, C.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
      The standard variety DPL 61 yielded higher in this trial. M-5, a California acala type was tested for the first time.
    • Short Staple Variety Demonstrations, Pinal County, 1989

      Malcuit, J.; Stedman, S.; Silvertooth, J.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
      Short staple variety demonstrations were conducted in Pinal County in 1989 at the Prechel and Benedict Farms near Coolidge Az. Twelve varieties were included in the demonstration at Prechel Farms. Results from the analysis showed significant differences among varieties. Seedcotton yields in this test ranged from 4826 to 2844 lbs. acre⁻¹ for STV BR-110 and S-55 respectively. Seven varieties were included in the demonstration at Benedict Farms. Results from the analysis showed significant differences among varieties. Seedcotton yields in this test ranged from 4127 to 3530 lbs. acre⁻¹ for STV BR-110 and DP-50 respectively.
    • Short Staple Variety Trial, Cochise County, 1989

      Clark, Lee J.; Schwennesen, Eric; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
      The old standar4 1517-75, was the best yielding variety in 1989, yielding over three bales of lintper acre. 1517-77BR, which yielded well in 1987 and then dropped off a bit in 1988, carne in second and an experimental, 6658 came in third. The touted New Mexico star, 1517-88 came in fourth followed closely by California's Prema. Eight of the 10 varieties tested yielded over 2.5 bales per acre. More than normal heat units coupled with good management practices brought the highest yields yet recorded in a University cotton variety trial in Cochise County.
    • A Study of PIX Rates across CaZa and Triggrr on Long and Short Staple Cotton, Safford Agricultural Center, 1989

      Clark, L. J.; Carpenter, E. W.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
      An experiment was designed to test seven treatments of PIX on both short and long staple cotton. The treatments included single applications of 1/2- and 1-pint rates and multiple applications of 1/8- and 1/4-pint rates. Because of the exceptionally good growing season with lots of early heat units, both short- and long-staple plants set fruit early, which limited their vegetative growth naturally without the need for FIX. Yields were high with lint production over 1800 and 1400 pounds of lint for short and long staple, respectively. Plant mapping also was performed on each treatment.
    • Suppresion of Inflection of Cotton Seedlings by Rhizoetonia Solani in the Presence of Thielaviopsis Basicola, the Causal Agent of Black Root Rot

      Chapman, M. A.; Hine, R. B.; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1990)
      High population levels of Rhizoctonia solani in a field in Coolidge, AZ which also contained Thielaviopsis basicola failed to cause the expected infection by R. solani in untreated seeds of Gossypium hirsutum. Growth chamber experiments with autoclaved soil amended with inoculum of both R. solani, and T. basicola had a significantly lower infection rate by R. solani than did the control soil with R. solani alone.