• Field Comparison of Various Plant Growth Enhancement Products on DPL 449BR Cotton, 2005

      Rethwisch, Michael D.; Luna, Manuel M.; Ramos, D. Michael; Wellman, Jessica J.; Reay, Mark; Tronstad, Russell; Norton, E. Randy (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2006-07)
      Three plant growth enhancement chemistries (AuxiGro®, ChaperoneTM, HappyGroTM) were evaluated on DPL 449BR cotton during the summer of 2005, Application were made during mid-July to late planted cotton to evaluate and compare effects of these products on cotton growing under severe heat and growth stress to determine if such chemistries could overcome this stress. Two foliar fertilizers were included with two formulations of AuxiGro® to determine if differences associated with these treatments existed. Usage of HappyGroTM = PhotoGroTM resulted in the most fruiting structures/plant while treatments that included ChaperoneTM resulted in reduced numbers of structures when compared with the untreated check on August 24. Highest yields among products tested were noted for the formulations of AuxiGro® 518 which were slightly higher than the untreated check. Quality was improved in comparative formulations of AuxiGro® by inclusion of CalMax® + First Choice® Foliar Pride when compared with First Choice® Bollster.
    • Interaction of Cotton Varieties and Rhizoctonia solani: Effects on Resultant Plant Populations, 2005

      Rethwisch, Michael D.; Reay, Mark; Turini, Thomas A.; Swan, Ron; Tronstad, Russell; Norton, E. Randy (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2006-07)
      Eight varieties were evaluated under field conditions for resultant plant populations after field infection with Rhizoctonia solani. Highest plant populations were noted in Delta and PineLand 454BR, followed by three other Delta and PineLand (DPL) varieties. Stoneville and Phytogen cotton varieties had reduced plant stands compared to DPL varieties at approximately 30 days after planting. DPL 454BR, which had the highest plant population, also had earlier growth and establishment than other varieties which is thought to have helped plant survival. Although all seed was treated with multiple fungicides, seed of DPL varieties was treated with several fungicide active ingredients (thiram, tridimenol) not present on seed from other varieties. Comparative increased stand on DPL varieties may be in part due to plant genetics as well as fungicide. Stand loss was noted in all varieties however. Data indicate that in-furrow application of fungicides or applications to small cotton plants may be necessary for heavier soils under cool and moist early season growing conditions in the low desert.