Nitrogen fertilizer and water application rate interactions in trickle irrigated cotton
Committee ChairTucker, T. C.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractThe yield, fruiting habits, plant nitrogen uptake, dry matter production, and boll and fiber properties were studied in relation to nitrogen fertilizer and water application rate interactions in trickle-irrigated cotton. Nitrogen applications did not significantly increase yields because of high initial soil nitrogen and nitrogen added with the irrigation water. Significant yield differences did exist between the 60% consumption use (CU) irrigation level and the 90% and 120% CU irrigation levels. The 60% CU level resulted in appreciable plant water stress and appreciably lower yields. Nitrogen additions significantly increased seasonal plant petiole NO₃-N values as well as the number of flowers produced during the growing season. Increased water application rate lengthened the periods of peak flowering and peak boll production but had no effect on petiole NO₃-N. Increased water application rate did not significantly increase boll production, but an increasing trend of increased boll production with increasing water application rates was evident. Nitrogen applications did not significantly increase boll production, but percent boll set for the control treatment was higher. Both nitrogen additions and increased water application rates increased plant nitrogen uptake, which ranged from 163 kg N/ha to 242 kg N/ha for the water levels and 188 kg N/ha to 220 kg N/ha for the nitrogen treatments. Increased water application rates significantly increased dry matter production during the growing season. Nitrogen and water application rates affected only a few boll and fiber properties. Average boll size was increased significantly with increasing water application rates. This partially accounted for the higher yield observed at the higher irrigation levels.
Degree NamePh. D.
Degree ProgramSoils, Water and Engineering