Response of cotton to N and water applied via a trickle irrigation system : growth, yield, and nutrient uptake
Cotton -- Irrigation.
Fertilizers -- Application.
Committee ChairTucker, T. C.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractThe crop growth rate (CGR); the relative growth rate (RGR); seed yield; plant uptake of N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, and Na; and the water use efficiency (WUE) were studied in relation to N fertilizer and water application rate interactions in trickle-irrigated cotton. Increasing water application rate significantly increased CGR, but no significant differences were detected among the RGR values at the various water levels. Nitrogen fertilizer additions significantly increased the CGR. Nitrogen and water applications significantly increased seed yield, however, the effect of the interaction between N and water was not significant. Water levels had a positive significant effect on the cotton reproductive growth. Increased N and water significantly increased total N-uptake by cotton plants. Nitrogen additions significantly increased N% of leaves, burrs and seed. However, N% of stem was significantly reduced with high N applications. Total uptake of P, K, Ca, and Mg significantly increased with the increased application of N and water. Addition of 1.2 consumptive use (Cu) irrigation rate significantly increased P% in cotton stems, however, K% in stem was reduced. The irrigation rate of 0.9 CU and 1.2 CU significantly increased Mg% in both leaves and stems. Nitrogen application rates of 224 and 336 kg N/ha significantly decreased Mg% in leaves and stems. Increasing the irrigation rate from 0.9 CU to 1.2(1.3) CU reduced the WUE by cotton plants. However, WUE appeared to increase as N fertilizer increased up to 33 kg N/ha with water level of 0.9 CU.
Degree NamePh. D.
Degree ProgramSoils and Water Science