A parametric model calibrated with a physically based model for runoff prediction from ungaged streams
Runoff -- Mathematical models.
Committee ChairSimpson, Eugene S.
Chery, Jr., Donald L.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractRecent developments in the numerical solution of the governing partial differential equations for overland and channel flow (represented by sets of intersecting planes) should make possible models which predict runoff from ungaged streams. However, these models (physically based models) are complex and require much computer time. Parametric models exist which have the advantage of being relatively simple, and once calibrated may be used efficiently and inexpensively. This study developed a procedure for calibrating a parametric model against a physically based model utilizing base areas of one acre and one square mile, with the expectation that base areas can be combined to model real watersheds. Simulation experiments with the physically based model showed that, for the one-acre base area, the dominant parameters relate to the slope and friction of the planes, whereas for the square-mile area, the dominant parameters relate to the channel properties. The simple modelfitting parameters were the cell storage ratio, K, for the one-acre area, and K plus a lag factor, L, for the square-mile area. These parameters decreased more or less exponentially with increasing rainfall intensity and with changes in the physical parameters that produced high peaks and fast runoff.
Degree ProgramHydrology and Water Resources