Spatial and Temporal Variability of Vertical Hydrologic Fluxes at The San Pedro River, AZ
AuthorSoto-Lopez, Carlos Daniel
Committee ChairMeixner, Thomas
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractPrecipitation patterns in semi-arid river systems of the southwestern U.S. make stream-aquifer exchanges an important source of water in perennial rivers. Nonetheless, the spatial and temporal evolution of surface and ground water interaction are not fully understood. This research utilizes diurnal temperature oscillations as a tracer of vertical water fluxes by applying Stallman's analytical solution to a series of temperature time series recorded in the stream and in the streambed of the San Pedro River. Temperature measurements were recorded at four spatial extents using a nested hierarchy during four different periods since last flood. Time since last flood did not affect vertical fluxes significantly, but fluxes exhibited spatial dependence at lengths of 6-24 m. Stream geomorphic features influenced the magnitude of vertical fluxes; runs were more downwelling than riffles. The data suggests that the spatial distribution of vertical fluxes becomes more homogeneous as time since last flood increases.