Using Peak Intensity and Fragmentation Patterns in Peptide SeQuence IDentification (SQID) - A Bayesian Learning Algorithm for Tandem Mass Spectra
Keywordstandem mass spectrometry
peptide and protein identificaiton
machine learning algorithm
AdvisorWysocki, Vicki H.
Committee ChairWysocki, Vicki H.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractAs DNA sequence information becomes increasingly available, researchers are now tackling the great challenge of characterizing and identifying peptides and proteins from complex mixtures. Automatic database searching algorithms have been developed to meet this challenge. This dissertation is aimed at improving these algorithms to achieve more accurate and efficient peptide and protein identification with greater confidence by incorporating peak intensity information and peptide cleavage patterns obtained in gas-phase ion dissociation research. The underlying hypothesis is that these algorithms can benefit from knowledge about molecular level fragmentation behavior of particular amino acid residues or residue combinations.SeQuence IDentification (SQID), developed in this dissertation research, is a novel Bayesian learning-based method that attempts to incorporate intensity information from peptide cleavage patterns in a database searching algorithm. It directly makes use of the estimated peak intensity distributions for cleavage at amino acid pairs, derived from probability histograms generated from experimental MS/MS spectra. Rather than assuming amino acid cleavage patterns artificially or disregarding intensity information, SQID aims to take advantage of knowledge of observed fragmentation intensity behavior. In addition, SQID avoids the generation of a theoretical spectrum predication for each candidate sequence, needed by other sequencing methods including SEQUEST. As a result, computational efficiency is significantly improved.Extensive testing has been performed to evaluate SQID, by using datasets from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, University of Colorado, and the Institute for Systems Biology. The computational results show that by incorporating peak intensity distribution information, the program's ability to distinguish the correct peptides from incorrect matches is greatly enhanced. This observation is consistent with experiments involving various peptides and searches against larger databases with distraction proteins, which indirectly verifies that peptide dissociation behaviors determine the peptide sequencing and protein identification in MS/MS. Furthermore, testing SQID by using previously identified clusters of spectra associated with unique chemical structure motifs leads to the following conclusions: (1) the improvement in identification confidence is observed with a range of peptides displaying different fragmentation behaviors; (2) the magnitude of improvement is in agreement with the peptide cleavage selectivity, that is, more significant improvements are observed with more selective peptide cleavages.