The Effects of Dense Cluster Environments on Galaxies and Intracluster Dust
AdvisorRieke, Marcia J.
Rieke, George H.
Committee ChairRieke, Marcia J.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractDense cluster environment influences the properties of galaxies and their evolution. In order to understand this environmental effect and how it evolves with time, we study the infrared (IR) properties of galaxies in three rich clusters. The IR luminosities provide us with extinction-free measurements of the star formation rates (SFRs) of these cluster galaxies. We find a strong evolution in the IR luminosity function (LF) of two z ∼ 0:8 clusters when compared to two local clusters. The evolution rate of the IR LF found in these clusters is consistent with the evolution in field IR LFs. The similar evolution rate found in very different environments favors some internal mechanism, e.g., the gradual consumption of the gas fuel in galaxies, as being responsible for much of the star formation evolution. The mass-normalized integrated SFRs within 0.5R₂₀₀ of these clusters also shows an evolution trend, ∝ (1 + z)5. But this evolution has large scatter and may be affected by the mass selection effect of the sample. In the dense cluster core regions (r < 0.3 Mpc), we find evidence for enhanced SFR suppression. A substantial fraction of members in MS 1054-03 (z ∼ 0.8) are still forming stars actively. This cannot be explained by the scenario where the cluster is only passively accreting star-forming galaxies from the surrounding field, after which their star formation is quenched quickly. We also study the extended IR emission from the intracluster dust (ICD) in A2029. We only find weak signals at 24 and 70 μm and obtain upper limits for the ICD emission.