Instrumentation and Kinetic Studies of Surface-Induced Dissociation in a Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer
AuthorMajuwana Gamage, Chaminda
Committee ChairWysocki, Vicki H.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThe surface-induced dissociation (SID) method is introduced into a Bruker matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometer (MALDI TOF MS) as an efficient ion fragmentation method. Ion trajectory calculations using the SIMION 7.0 ion optics program are performed and results are combined with simple unimolecular decay calculations in order to study the kinetics of the SID processes. In this instrument, the observation time frame for SID fragments lies in the submicrosecond region, allowing the specific detection of submicrosecond fragmentation channels. MALDI-produced protonated peptides in the mass range of 700 - 1500 Da and radical ions produced by laser irradiation of fullerenes C60 and C70 are fragmented at a gold surface coated with a self-assembled monolayer of alkanethiol to obtain TOF SID TOF mass spectra. For the SID of peptides in the hyperthermal energy regime, a fragmentation time frame of tens to a few hundreds of nanoseconds was calculated for the observed fast fragmentation channels (Chapters 3 and 4). Theoretical and experimental peak shape comparisons assuming unimolecular decay kinetics indicated a log rate constant in the range 6 - 7 (Chapter 4). Energy and mass resolved kinetic studies are also carried out. The contribution of special structural features to peptide fragmentation and the possibility of different fragmentation mechanisms such as sequential and parallel pathways are investigated. The results indicate a unimolecular decay process for observed fast peptide fragments ruling out a surface-shattering mechanism. Fullerene ions, especially C60+., showed a fragmentation behavior producing C2n+. fragments with an even number of C units at collision energies in the range of 100 - 400 eV (Chapter 5). At around 400 eV, additional small fragments appeared that are apart by only a single C unit. According to the calculated fragmentation times and the theoretical and experimental peak shape comparisons assuming unimolecular decay kinetics, both these processes may be approximated by parallel fast unimolecular decay processes with fragmentation time frames of tens to hundreds of nanoseconds although the poor theoretical and experimental peak shape matching for example in the decay of C60+. to C19+. may suggest deviations from a one-step unimolecular decay process.