Regulation and Function of Caveolin-1 in Colorectal Carcinogenesis
AuthorBasu Roy, Upal Kunal
KeywordsMolecular & Cellular Biology
Committee ChairGerner, Eugene W.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractColon cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States of America. It is caused by the accumulation of mutations in tumor suppressors and oncogenes. The APC tumor suppressor is mutated in most diagnosed cases of colorectal cancer. Mutations in the K-RAS oncogene occur at later stages of colon cancer progression. In the present study, the transcriptional regulation of a novel target of these two genes, caveolin-1, was studied. Caveolin-1 is transcriptionally regulated by the APC tumor suppressor gene, via induction of its inducer, FOXO1 and the suppression of its transcriptional repressor, C-MYC. An activated K-RAS oncogene induces caveolin-1 transcription via activation of the P-I3 Kinase pathway. In addition to transcriptional regulation of caveolin-1, the influence of caveolin-1 expression on cellular phenotypes like signal transduction and polyamine uptake were assessed. The present studies demonstrate that caveolin-1 expression affects basal levels of AKT and ERK signaling, with an increased signaling associated with caveolin-1 expression in these colon tumor-derived cells. In addition, caveolin-1 expression positively affects signaling in response to an inflammatory stimulus like TPA. Interestingly, caveolin-1 expression leads to a decrease in the uptake of pro-tumorigenic molecules like polyamines, in the colon cell lines tested. Taken together, the data from this study suggests that caveolin-1 is transcriptionally regulated by the APC and the K-RAS gene at different stages of colorectal tumorigenesis and this in turn, leads to different phenotypes influenced by caveolin-1 expression.
Degree ProgramMolecular & Cellular Biology