Electrochemical Deactivation of Nitrate, Arsenate, and Trichloroethylene
Boron doped diamond (BDD) film electrode
Committee ChairFarrell, James
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractThis research investigated the mechanism, kinetics and feasibility of nitrate, arsenate, and trichloroethylene inactivation on zerovalent iron (ZVI), mixed-valent iron oxides, and boron doped diamond film electrode surfaces, respectively. Nitrate ( ) is a common co-contaminant at sites remediated using permeable reactive barriers (PRBs). Therefore, understanding nitrate reactions with ZVI is important for understanding the performance of PRBs. This study investigated the reaction mechanisms of with ZVI under conditions relevant to groundwater treatment. Tafel analysis and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were used to probe the surface reactions. Batch experiments were used to study the reaction rate of with freely corroding and cathodically protected iron wires. The removal kinetics for the air formed oxide (AFO) were 2.5 times slower than that of water formed oxide (WFO).This research also investigated the use of slowly corroding magnetite (Fe3O4) and wustite (FeO) as reactive adsorbent media for removing As(V) from potable water. Observed corrosion rates for mixed valent iron oxides were found to be 15 times slower than that of zerovalent iron under similar conditions. Electrochemical and batch and column experiments were performed to study the corrosion behavior and gain a deeper understanding on the effects of water chemistry and operating parameters, such as, empty bed contact times, influent arsenic concentrations, dissolved oxygen levels and solution pH values and other competing ions. Reaction products were analyzed by X-Ray diffraction and XPS to determine the fate of the arsenic.This research also investigated use of boron doped diamond film electrodes for reductive dechlorination of trichloroethylene (TCE). TCE reduction resulted in nearly stoichiometric production of acetate. Rates of TCE reduction were found to be independent of the electrode potential at potentials below -1 V with respect to the standard hydrogen electrode (SHE). However, at smaller overpotentials, rates of TCE reduction were dependent on the electrode potential. Short lived species analysis and density functional simulations indicate that TCE reduction may occur by formation of a surface complex between TCE and carbonyl groups present on the surface.
Degree ProgramEnvironmental Engineering