Mines, Massacres and Memories: Colorado Fuel and Iron's Creation of a Company in Southern Colorado, 1880-1919
Committee ChairGarcia, Juan
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractFrom 1880-1919, residents of southern Colorado faced a change in regards to the structure of their geographic, social, and ethnic status. With the introduction of an East Coast based company into this area a new world emerged which changed the culture of the Southwest from heavily influenced by a mestizo culture, a hybrid of Spanish and native American Culture, to one entrenched with East Coast corporate ideals based in the Progressive movement. With this change in influence, by World War I residents of southern Colorado came to be categorized as and showed characteristics of a loyal American community. From 1880-1919 Colorado Fuel and Iron Company, CF&I, structured a corporate mentality that shifted Nuevo Mexicanos conceptions of ethnicity and gender to fit within a state structured identity which saw them as employees, with the onset of World War I this identity shifted to that of American citizens. Nuevo Mexicanos and others in this area used the Ludlow Massacre as a means of signifying how CF&I had treated its citizens and structured their collective memory around this event.