Factors Contributing to Arizona Elementary General Music Teachers' Attitudes and Practices Regarding Multicultural Music Education
AuthorPetersen Jr., Gerald Anthony
multicultural music education
music teacher education
Arizona music teachers
AdvisorEbie, Brian D.
Committee ChairEbie, Brian D.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractGerald Anthony Petersen Jr., Ph.D.The University of Arizona, 2005Director: Brian D. Ebie The purpose of this study was to provide specific data regarding the level of multiculturalism of Arizona elementary general music teachers and their utilization of multicultural music education in curriculum and activities. Data gathered was used to investigate the relationship between a teacher's life experience, personal attitudes, personal behavior, and professional behavior with their developing and employing multicultural music education. Subjects included Arizona elementary general music teachers (N=280) during the 2004-05 school year. The Personal Multicultural Assessment and the Music Specialist's Multicultural Music Education Survey were sent to the teachers along with a demographic report sheet. Data analysis included descriptive statistics, correlational analysis (Pearson-Product Moment Correlation), analysis of variance (ANOVA), and a multiple regression. The results of the survey indicated that Arizona elementary general music teachers are functioning at varying levels of multiculturalism. The teachers' Personal Multicultural Assessment mean scores ranked at the third level of the Multicultural Personae in the areas of Personal Behavior, Professional Behavior, and on the Composite score. The areas of Life Experience and Personal Attitude ranked at the second level of the Multicultural Personae. Statistically significant relationships were found between the population of the teachers' hometown and the Life Experience subscale score and the Composite score. The undergraduate institution from which the teacher graduated was positively related to the Personal Behavior subscale score and the Composite score. Though the majority of Arizona elementary general music teachers felt inadequately prepared for teaching multicultural music education or have ethnic instruments, they reported utilizing the majority of regional-specific world music. Life experience was a significant factor in determining music teachers' utilization of multicultural music education. This study demonstrated that Arizona elementary general music teachers' personal attitudes, personal behavior, and professional behavior regarding multiculturalism may not have effected their utilization of multicultural music education.
Degree GrantorUniversity of Arizona
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
That Old Time Religion: The Influence of West and Central African Religious Culture on the Music of the Azusa Street RevivalWickham, Anna (The University of Arizona., 2014)The Azusa Street Revival was a movement started in 1906 by a small group of black individuals at a prayer meeting in Los Angeles, California. The revival is largely considered the beginning of the Pentecostal movement. This paper investigates the relationship between the worship practices of the Azusa Street Revival and the musical and religious traditions of the West and Central African peoples who were the ancestors of some of the most prominent and influential participants in the movement. These practices, which include spirit possession, physical movement and rhythm, musical collaboration, and indeterminate times of worship, seemingly made their way from Africa into the daily lives of African American slaves, where they were adopted by participants at the American camp meetings of the early nineteenth century. From there, these West and Central African musical traditions became instituted in the holiness movement, the precursor to the Azusa Street Revival.
Actual and Ideal Roles of Music Teachers in Community Schools of the Arts Pertaining to Community, School, and the ProfessionFischler, Gail (The University of Arizona., 2007)The purpose of the study was:1. To develop an inventory of music teacher roles which pertained to the setting, community schools of the arts (CSAs).2. To discover how music teachers perceive their actual job roles vs. their ideal job roles in CSAs.An instrument was structured using the roles found in the work of Onderdonk (1995), Barnes (1972), Moller (1981), White (1964), and input from experts. Roles were categorized into three areas: community, school, and professional. The population of teachers was drawn from member schools of the National Guild of Community Schools of the Arts (NGCSA) for the year 2005-2006. The final study population consisted of 139 CSA teachers from 16 schools across the USA.Overall, teachers indicated that roles in the professional category were and should be performed more often than community and school roles. The school and community categories were deemed equal to each other (actually and ideally). Teachers indicated that community, school, and professional roles in CSAs were complex, consisting of 31 roles (7 community, 10 school, and 14 professional). A ranked and tiered inventory of the 31 valid roles and a portrait of the CSA music teacher were created. As an aggregate, teachers ideally desired to increase the frequency with which they performed the following roles: Advocate, Attendee of Faculty/Committee Meetings, Attendee of School Activities, Performer/Demonstrator/Coach, and Student/Lifelong Learner. As an aggregate, teachers desired to decrease the frequency with which they performed the role of School Leader. Teachers indicated balance in regard to modeling, performing, parental education, discipline, tradition, and leadership.Implications for CSA administrators, personnel of the National Guild of Community Schools of the Arts, teacher educators and trainers, and future research include: finding paths to develop part-time leaders, developing content for coursework and professional development specific to CSA teachers, and promoting awareness that investment in current/future teachers should be given similar value and energy to fundraising efforts. In order to educate/train future CSA teachers, coursework which includes preparation as instrumental/pedagogical experts, as well as content which provides training in educational philosophy, history, curriculum development, role modeling, culture, and technology were recommended.