AuthorRoary-Cook, Mary Christianna
KeywordsCommunity-Based Participatory Research
Communtity Health Workers
Committee ChairRanger-Moore, James
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractHigh attrition rates from community participatory research studies need to be explored more by non-traditional methods and participant profiles need to be developed to prevent high attrition rates. The purpose of this dissertation is to characterize compliance and drop out rates using the cardiovascular disease IQ quiz and the life priorities questionnaire. It is important to examine both compliance and dropouts in this context because both diabetes and cardiovascular disease are emerging as a major focus of public health efforts in the United States and abroad. These diseases are accelerating due to the current trends in obesity, which is a preventable, modifiable risk factor for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Diabetes and cardiovascular disease continue to be the number seven and number one leading causes of death, respectively. We explore these concepts in a largely Hispanic border community in the Southwest, in the small town of Douglas, Arizona. The Hispanic population is increasing in the United States and is now the most populous minority group. Additionally, among this group are some of the highest rates of pre-diabetes, diabetes, and uncontrolled diabetes, all cardiovascular disease risk factors. We found that the cardiovascular disease IQ quiz was a much stronger predictor for compliance and drop out rates in this sample population than the life priorities questionnaire. Compliance did not seem to differ among the study participants who remained in the study. Interestingly, among the participants who were compliant, especially those who kept their eye check-up, were also those more likely to have health insurance and be employed. Though males only represented about 10% of the population sample, they tended to drop out more frequently than females. Dropouts tended to be younger, gainfully employed, and more educated. Qualitative analysis and logistic regression will further help explain the aforementioned associations.