Committee ChairVasic, Bane
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractThe growing popularity of a class of linear block codes called the low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes can be attributed to the low complexity of the iterative decoders, and their potential to achieve performance very close to the Shannon capacity. This makes them an attractive candidate for ECC applications in communication systems. This report proposes methods to systematically construct regular and irregular LDPC codes.A class of regular LDPC codes are constructed from incidence structures in finite geometries like projective geometry and affine geometry. A class of irregular LDPC codes are constructed by systematically splitting blocks of balanced incomplete block designs to achieve desired weight distributions. These codes are decoded iteratively using message-passing algorithms, and the performance of these codes for various channels are presented in this report.The application of iterative decoders is generally limited to a class of codes whose graph representations are free of small cycles. Unfortunately, the large class of conventional algebraic codes, like RS codes, has several four cycles in their graph representations. This report proposes an algorithm that aims to alleviate this drawback by constructing an equivalent graph representation that is free of four cycles. It is theoretically shown that the four-cycle free representation is better suited to iterative erasure decoding than the conventional representation. Also, the new representation is exploited to realize, with limited success, iterative decoding of Reed-Solomon codes over the additive white Gaussian noise channel.Wiberg, Forney, Richardson, Koetter, and Vontobel have made significant contributions in developing theoretical frameworks that facilitate finite length analysis of codes. With an exception of Richardson's, most of the other frameworks are much suited for the analysis of short codes. In this report, we further the understanding of the failures in iterative decoders for the binary symmetric channel. The failures of the decoder are classified into two categories by defining trapping sets and propagating sets. Such a classification leads to a successful estimation of the performance of codes under the Gallager B decoder. Especially, the estimation techniques show great promise in the high signal-to-noise ratio regime where the simulation techniques are less feasible.
Degree ProgramElectrical & Computer Engineering