COMPRESSIVE IMAGING FOR DIFFERENCE IMAGE FORMATION AND WIDE-FIELD-OF-VIEW TARGET TRACKING
linear inverse problem
minimum mean squared error estimation
AdvisorGoodman, Nathan A.
Committee ChairGoodman, Nathan A.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractUse of imaging systems for performing various situational awareness tasks in militaryand commercial settings has a long history. There is increasing recognition,however, that a much better job can be done by developing non-traditional opticalsystems that exploit the task-specific system aspects within the imager itself. Insome cases, a direct consequence of this approach can be real-time data compressionalong with increased measurement fidelity of the task-specific features. In others,compression can potentially allow us to perform high-level tasks such as direct trackingusing the compressed measurements without reconstructing the scene of interest.In this dissertation we present novel advancements in feature-specific (FS) imagersfor large field-of-view surveillence, and estimation of temporal object-scene changesutilizing the compressive imaging paradigm. We develop these two ideas in parallel.In the first case we show a feature-specific (FS) imager that optically multiplexesmultiple, encoded sub-fields of view onto a common focal plane. Sub-field encodingenables target tracking by creating a unique connection between target characteristicsin superposition space and the target's true position in real space. This isaccomplished without reconstructing a conventional image of the large field of view.System performance is evaluated in terms of two criteria: average decoding time andprobability of decoding error. We study these performance criteria as a functionof resolution in the encoding scheme and signal-to-noise ratio. We also includesimulation and experimental results demonstrating our novel tracking method. Inthe second case we present a FS imager for estimating temporal changes in the objectscene over time by quantifying these changes through a sequence of differenceimages. The difference images are estimated by taking compressive measurementsof the scene. Our goals are twofold. First, to design the optimal sensing matrixfor taking compressive measurements. In scenarios where such sensing matrices arenot tractable, we consider plausible candidate sensing matrices that either use theavailable a priori information or are non-adaptive. Second, we develop closed-form and iterative techniques for estimating the difference images. We present results to show the efficacy of these techniques and discuss the advantages of each.
Degree ProgramElectrical & Computer Engineering