INVESTIGATION OF ORGANIC OPTO-ELECTRONIC SEMICONDUCTING DEVICES: ANODE SURFACE ETCHING, APPLICATION INTO NOVEL INTEGRATED STRUCTURES, AND THE ANALYSIS OF PHOTOCURRENT PROPERTIES IN PHOTOVOLTAICS
AdvisorArmstrong, Neal R.
Committee ChairArmstrong, Neal R.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractIndium-tin oxide (ITO) is commonly used as the transparent electrode in organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices. ITO's transparent properties come at the expense of less than ideal electrode characteristics arising from insulating over-oxidized surface species. OPVs fabricated on the native ITO surface tend to exhibit poor performance with a high degree of variability from device to device. Aggressive acid etching of the ITO surface removes the majority of the insulating surface species leading to improvements in OPV efficiency with greater reproducibility and increased device to device consistency.Organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) are planar electroluminescent light sources that naturally couple a portion of their emission into internally reflected modes within the device substrate. Although this coupling property is well known, few attempts have been made to integrate OLEDs as light sources for internal reflection elements. Furthermore, OPVs share the optical coupling properties of OLEDs and therefore can be used as integrated internal reflection detectors. Integrating both an OLED light source and an OPV detector onto the same substrate results in an internal reflection sensing platform that requires no free-space optics, has low power consumption requirements, and can be easily fabricated on substrates occupying an area less than one square inch. In this work we establish a functional prototype design, characterize the fundamental coupling properties, and demonstrate several surface sensing responses of this fully integrated optical sensing platform.The net solar power production from OPVs arises from the interactions between multiple currents through the device. The photocurrent is the only power producing current in the device and understanding the voltage dependent nature of this current is essential in OPV research. Analysis methods of conventional, inorganic photovoltaics do not adequately describe the photocurrent behavior commonly observed in OPVs. OPV analysis is therefore somewhat limited by the methods commonly employed. To improve upon the convention methods we develop a simplified method of OPV photocurrent analysis based on electrochemical methods that accurately describes the voltage dependence of the photocurrent and leads to greater insight into the key parameters involved in solar power production from OPVs.