Evaluating the Role of VDR Polymorphisms and Beta-catenin Signaling in Colorectal Neoplasia
AuthorEgan, Jan Bailey
Committee ChairThompson, Patricia A.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractColorectal cancer is estimated to cause approximately 50,000 deaths each year in the United States. Epidemiological studies have demonstrated an inverse association between sunlight exposure, which stimulates the formation of vitamin D in the skin, and colorectal carcinoma. Laboratory studies report that metabolites of vitamin D, acting through the vitamin D receptor (VDR), regulate cellular proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. In addition, VDR contains a polymorphic variant, FokI, which results in two different isoforms of VDR. We have demonstrated a differential suppression of β-catenin transcriptional activity by these isoforms in the presence of 1,25(OH)₂D₃ (1,25D). Epidemiological evaluation of metachronous colorectal adenoma formation indicates that VDR includes several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) which influence the odds of developing colorectal adenoma. In addition, we have found full length Adenomatous Polyposis Coli (APC), a frequently mutated tumor suppressor gene in colorectal cancer, augments both the interaction of VDR and β-catenin as well as the suppression of β-catenin transcriptional activity in the presence of 1,25D. We have also demonstrated in epidemiological studies that the presence of a T-A haplotype in APC codons 486 and 1822, respectively, reduces the odds of any metachronous adenoma by 27% [odds ratio (OR), 0.73; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.59 – 0.91]. Taken together, these data support not only a protective role for vitamin D acting through the VDR, but also for an important role of heritable polymorphic variation in VDR and APC in carcinogenesis.
Degree ProgramCancer Biology