The Role of Satellite Cells in Skeletal Muscle Revascularization: A Potential Factor in Muscular Dystrophy
AdvisorRhoads, Rob P.
Committee ChairRhoads, Rob P.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractSkeletal muscle regeneration is a multifaceted process requiring the spatial and temporal coordination of myogenesis as well as angiogenesis. While these processes are often studied independently, recent evidence from our lab has shown that the resident adult stem cell population within skeletal muscle, called satellite cells, begins secreting soluble growth factors likely to contribute to the proangiogenic response. The overall aim of this study is to investigate the role of pro-angiogenic factors secreted by satellite cells during skeletal muscle regeneration. Results from the study indicate that Hepatocyte Growth Factor (HGF) is a critical protein for the proangiogenic effect of satellite cells. It was also shown that in hypoxic environments, such as those seen in an injury state, it appears that satellite cells decrease their proangiogenic effect if oxygen levels fall below a threshold level. This decrease in pro-angiogenic effect in the hypoxic environment appears to be due to the decrease in HGF expression and protein secretion and is not compensated for by the increase in Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor secretion also seen in the hypoxic response. Furthermore, the regulation of HGF in these hypoxic conditions appears to be in part due to increased levels of hypoxia inducible factor, which are acting on the hypoxia response element site found on the HGF promoter. In the last set of experiments, this injury response was further investigated as the effect of satellite cell mediated angiogenesis was examined in the disease state of muscular dystrophy. Here, we also observed a reduction in angiogenesis from media conditioned by satellite cells from dystrophic muscle compared to healthy muscle. Overall, this study further strengthens the case for satellite cells as important mediators of the angiogenic response in regenerating muscle and may serve as a potential site for therapeutic intervention in the future.
Degree ProgramPhysiological Sciences