Committee ChairGilabert, Joan
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThis investigation studies Juan Marse's interpretation of culture through his novels and focuses on how during the Franco era these figures the charnego (the immigrant), the woman and the anarchistconfront the dictatorship. Implicit to Marse's novels is a discussion of cultural resistance to the hegemonic culture of franquismo. Marse tells the story of the 'other' culture, the voiceless, and he tells the untold story of the marginalized.In 1936, after the Civil War and the victory of Franco's dictatorship, the losers of the battle paid for their defeat as objects of ridicule. Marse takes these archetypal losers, and elevates them to the heroic.Marse's novels refer to the journey of the mythical hero as described by Joseph Campbell. Whereas the journey of Campbell's epic hero effects changes on his surroundings and his psyche, Marse presents this dual transformation by utilizing two separate figures: the charnego and the anarchist.The charnego completes a physical journey: a migration from south to north motivated by his interest in bettering the circumstances of his life. This trip is illustrated by the transformation of the Barcelona neighborhood where he settles. In contrast, the anarchist's voyage is not so much physical as internal: a journey of self that is influenced by political understanding and solid class-consciousness.A heroine of Marse's novels is the archetypal woman who always looses: her destiny is dictated by her left leaning ideals and her role as the wife or lover of the anarchist figure. The franquista regime brutalized all, but particularly women; the government restored a law from the Civil Code of 1889 that privileged patriarchal preeminence. Marse explores the male-female conflicts of the era and reveals its repressed expressions.The work of Juan Marse has not deviated from its fundamental foundation: the experiences of those marginalized and defeated by Franco. His work contest the erasure of a population's unspoken memories. Perhaps because few of the abused have found justice in contemporary Spain, he looks to the future through a lens from the past. His nostalgic perspective finds the future by giving liberty to the untold experiences of the past.