Electronic Structure, Intermolecular Interactions and Electron Emission Dynamics via Anion Photoelectron Imaging
AuthorGrumbling, Emily Rose
Committee ChairSanov, Andrei
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThis dissertation explores the use of anion photoelectron imaging to interrogate electronic dynamics in small chemical systems with an emphasis on photoelectron angular distributions. Experimental ion generation, mass selection, laser photodetachment and photoelectron imaging were performed in a negative-ion photoelectron imaging spectrometer described in detail. Results for photodetachment from the simplest anion, H⁻, are used to illustrate fundamental principles of quantum mechanics and provide basic insight into the physics behind photoelectron imaging from a pedagogical perspective. This perspective is expanded by introducing imaging results for additional, representative atomic and small molecular anions (O⁻, NH₂⁻ and N₃⁻) obtained at multiple photon energies to address the energy-dependence of photoelectron angular distributions both conceptually and semi-quantitatively in terms of interfering partial photoelectron waves. The effect of solvation on several of these species (H⁻, O⁻, and NH₂⁻) is addressed in photoelectron imaging of several series of cluster anions. The 532 and 355 nm energy spectra for H⁻(NH₃)n and NH₂⁻(NH₃)n (n = 0-5) reveal that these species are accurately described as the core anion solute stabilized electrostatically by n loosely coordinated NH3 molecules. The photoelectron angular distributions for solvated H⁻ deviate strongly from those predicted for unsolvated H⁻ as the electron kinetic energy approaches zero, indicating a shift in the partial-wave balance consistent with both solvation-induced perturbation (and symmetry-breaking) of the H⁻ parent orbital and photoelectron-solvent scattering. The photoelectron energy spectra obtained for the cluster series [O(N₂O)n]⁻ and [NO(N₂O)n]⁻ indicate the presence of multiple structural isomers of the anion cores, the former displaying sharp core-switching at n = 4, the latter isomer coexistence over the entire range studied. The photoelectron angular distributions for detachment from the O⁻(N₂O)n and NO⁻(N₂O)n isomers deviate strongly from those expected for bare O⁻ and NO⁻, respectively, in the region of an anionic shape resonance of N₂O, suggesting resonant photoelectron-solvent scattering. Partial-wave models for two-centered photoelectron interference in photodetachment from dissociating I₂⁻ is presented and discussed in the context of previous results. New time-resolved photoelectron imaging results for I₂⁻, for both parallel and perpendicular pump and probe beam polarizations, are presented and briefly discussed. Finally, new ideas and directions are proposed.