AuthorIsrael, Daniel Morris
Committee ChairFasel, Hermann
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractHistorically turbulence modeling has been sharply divided into Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS), in which all the turbulent scales of motion are modeled, and large-eddy simulation (LES), in which only a portion of the turbulent spectrum is modeled. In recent years there have been numerous attempts to couple these two approaches either by patching RANS and LES calculations together (zonal methods) or by blending the two sets of equations. In order to create a proper bridging model, that is, a single set of equations which captures both RANS and LES like behavior, it is necessary to place both RANS and LES in a more general framework.The goal of the current work is threefold: to provide such a framework, to demonstrate how the Flow Simulation Methodology (FSM) fits into this framework, and to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the current version of the FSM. To do this, first a set of filtered Navier-Stokes (FNS) equations are introduced in terms of an arbitrary generalized filter. Additional exact equations are given for the second order moments and the generalized subfilted dissipation rate tensor. This is followed by a discussion of the role of implicit and explicit filters in turbulence modeling.The FSM is then described with particular attention to its role as a bridging model. In order to evaluate the method a specific implementation of the FSM approach is proposed. Simulations are presented using this model for the case of separating flow over a "hump" with and without flow control. Careful attention is paid to error estimation, and, in particular, how using flow statistics and time series affects the error analysis. Both mean flow and Reynolds stress profiles are presented, as well as the phase averaged turbulent structures and wall pressure spectra. Using the phase averaged data it is possible to examine how the FSM partitions the energy between the coherent resolved scale motions, the random resolved scale fluctuations, and the subfilter quantities.The method proves to be qualitatively successful at reproducing large turbulent structures. However, like other hybrid methods, it has difficulty in the region where the model behavior transitions from RANS to LES> Consequently the phase averaged structures reproduce the experiments quite well, and the forcing does significantly reduce the length of the separated region. Nevertheless, the recirculation length is signficantly too large for all cases.Overall the current results demonstrate the promise of bridging models in general and the FSM in particular. However, current bridging techniques are still in their infancy. There is still important progress to be made and it is hoped that this work points out the more important avenues for exploration.
Degree ProgramAerospace Engineering