• Vegetable Crops Extension Program

      College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08
    • Lettuce Variety Trials in Cochise County

      Oebker, N. F.; Page, C.; Foster, R. E.; Bessey, P. M. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      Lettuce varieties were compared in Cochise County for late spring and early fall harvests. The Great Lakes 659 types consistently performed as well as any in the trials for these times of year in this area.
    • Bacterial Soft-Rot of Vegetables

      Stone, William J. H. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      A highly virulent bacterial isolate was obtained from Arizona vegetables. Pathogenicity and physiological studies were made in an effort to correctly identify the isolate.
    • Potato Insect Control with Granular Systemic Insecticides

      Gerhardt, Paul D. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      Ten percent granular formulations of phorate and Di-Syston at 20 pounds per acre will effectively control psyllids, aphids and thrips on potatoes. Two years study varying the placement of granular systemic insecticides in the soil in relation to the seed piece has not produced any significant differences in the insect control. The yields from plots in which the granules were placed four inches to the side and two inches below the seed piece were greater. All were better than the untreated check. Of two new systemic insecticides applied as granules at planting time, the material US-21149 (Temik R) gave outstanding insect control and above average yields on Kennebec variety potatoes. Compound NIA-10242 gave less effective insect control and yields below UC-21149.
    • Irrigation Trials with Cabbage

      Pew, W. D.; Park, J. H. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      The influences of soil moisture are pronounced in cabbage grown under Arizona's semiarid conditions. An understanding of these effects is a must if the most effective cabbage production is to be achieved. High, constant levels of moisture reduces solidity, increases apparent size, reduces color and general market acceptance. On the other hand, dry soil moisture conditions increases solidity and color and reduces size and generally impairs market quality because of the smallness of size and the tough and woody texture of the cabbage thus produced. Best quality cabbage commensurate with acceptable yields and greatest effectiveness is obtained where moisture is kept at 75-80 centibars of tension.
    • Effects of Magnesium, Nitrogen, and Micronutrients on the Yield and Incidence of Crown Blight of Cantaloups in Yuma Area

      Turner, Fred Jr.; Grounds, R. E. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      Yield differences resulting from magnesium, nitrogen, and micronutrients application were small. The incidence of crown blight was spotty and not related to fertilizer treatment.
    • Vegetable Growers Association Memorial Scholarships

      Fazio, Steve (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
    • Verticillium Wilt of Potato

      Stone, William J. H. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      Isolates of Verticillium Albo-atrum were obtained from potato and from cotton. Investigations are in process to ascertain the relationship between cotton Verticillium wilt and potato Verticillium wilt and to determine the significance of the disease to Arizona potato production.
    • Lettuce Nutrition as Influenced by Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium and Magnesium Fertilization

      Stanersen, L. A.; Turner, Fred Jr. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
    • Estimated Use of Plant Nutrients in Arizona, by Crops

      Pawson, W. W.; Stanberry, C. O.; Fuller, W. H.; Tucker, T. C.; Pew, W. D.; Hillman, J. S. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
    • Mechanical Harvesting of Lettuce

      Harriott, B. L. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      Research work aimed at developing a selective mechanical harvester for crisphead lettuce was initiated in 1961. During the course of the project, two experimental machines were constructed. Commercial development of the harvester was assumed by Lockwood Grader Corporation in 1964 under terms of a contract between Lockwood and the Arizona Research Foundation. Lockwood is now in the process of constructing a four row prototype harvester that will be capable of harvesting 1.5 acres of lettuce per hour.
    • Feasibility of Protectice Cropping (Plastic Greenhouse Production) in Central Arizona

      Foerman, B. R. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      After commercial production on a trial basis during a four-year period (1961-65), protective cropping of tomatoes and possibly a few other higher return vegetable crops shows a promising alternative enterprise for local production whosever risks are intensified. Better adapted varieties, disease control and market development are primary objectives to be overcome.
    • Low Volume Spray Applications of Technical Malathion to Vegetable Crops

      Gerhardt, Paul D. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      An experimental application of technical grade malathion was made by helicopter to a mixed planting of vegetables on the University of Arizona Mesa Experiment Station. Technical malathion at the rate of one pint per acre was not phytotoxic to onions, carrots, lettuce, cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower. This dosage did not satisfactorily control cabbage loopers and beet armyworms.
    • Cantaloup Bed Shape Modification for Mechanical Harvest

      Harriott, B. L. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      Current Arizona cultural practices for cantaloup are not compatable with mechanized harvesting equipment now being developed for cantaloup. Mechanical harvesters will require a uniformly sloped bed, preferably flat, at harvest time. Experiments thus far indicate that this condition can be met by reshaping the conventional bed after the plants have emerged.
    • Irrigation Practices with Potatoes

      Pew, W. D.; Park, J. H. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      Data from five years of experimentation with irrigation and soil moisture levels indicate that a certain knowledge and general understanding of these factors is important in potato production. Nine treatments ranging from a constant very wet level to a constant dry treatment were used. Yield differences were significant and varied from a low of 321 cwt, from plants exposed to a very wet (18-20 centibars tension) level early in the season followed by a dry (75-80 centibars tension) condition during the last part of the growing season, to 416 cwt where the plants were kept at a dry level early and changed to a very wet level late in the season. Growers often unknowingly reduce yields and lower quality by applying excessive amounts of irrigation water.
    • Effect of Fertilizers on Yield, Quality and Nutrient Uptake by Lettuce

      Strohlein, J. L.; Tucker, T. C. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      A series of studies on lettuce fertilization have been carried out over the past few years. Fertilizer applications increased yield through increased head size and did not affect the number or quality of harvested heads. The lower rates used were as effective as the higher rates. Nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization generally increased the nitrate and phosphorus content of the various plant parts selected for analysis.
    • Sclerotiniose or Drop of Lettuce

      Stone, William J. H. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      Preliminary tests have been initiated in a program for control of Sclerotiniose, or drop of lettuce. Damping-off problems are concurrently being investigated.
    • Fertilizer Placement in Potato Production

      Pew, W. D.; Park, J. H. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      The importance of proper fertilizer placement has been demonstrated in recent greenhouse studies. Small, seemingly unimportant changes in fertilizer placement often in reality are very important. Specially constructed boxes with glass fronts were used to study root development as affected by fertilizer placement. Yields were significantly different one from another with the poorer ones resulting where fertilizers were placed too close to the seed piece. Yields ranging from 298 cwt, where the fertilizer was placed two inches to each side and level with the seed piece; up to 367 cwt where the fertilizer was placed four inches to each side and two inches below the seed piece. Root burning and speed of root regeneration represent the most important consideration to be reckoned within the proper placement of fertilizer.
    • Influence of Seed Piece Size on Potato Yields

      Pew, W. D.; Park, J. H. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      During the past several years considerable experimenting has been aimed at developing methods for improving potato yields. One of the easiest and most effective ways found was to adjust the seed piece size and number of eyes per piece. Seed pieces were cut to meet the following size categories: 1/2, 1, 1-1/2, and 2 ounces and small whole tubers; 1-1/2, 2 and 2-3 ounces. Significant differences in yield were obtained between the various seed piece size treatments. The yield advantage was in favor of the larger size. The number of eyes per piece was less important except with the smallest size. In this case the seed pieces were incapable of adequately supplying plant growth from more than one eye. Small, whole tubers from good high yielding fields were found to be excellent for seed potato pieces.