• Economic Feasibility of Cantaloup Production in Navajo County, Arizona

      Underwood, Amos; Farrish, Raymond (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
    • Economic Feasibility of Chili Production in Northern Arizona

      Farrish, Raymond O. P. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
    • Effect of Fertilizers on Yield, Quality and Nutrient Uptake by Lettuce

      Strohlein, J. L.; Tucker, T. C. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      A series of studies on lettuce fertilization have been carried out over the past few years. Fertilizer applications increased yield through increased head size and did not affect the number or quality of harvested heads. The lower rates used were as effective as the higher rates. Nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization generally increased the nitrate and phosphorus content of the various plant parts selected for analysis.
    • Effects of Magnesium, Nitrogen, and Micronutrients on the Yield and Incidence of Crown Blight of Cantaloups in Yuma Area

      Turner, Fred Jr.; Grounds, R. E. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      Yield differences resulting from magnesium, nitrogen, and micronutrients application were small. The incidence of crown blight was spotty and not related to fertilizer treatment.
    • Effects of Treatments on the Postharvest Senescence of Green Leaves

      Bessey, Paul M. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
    • Estimated Use of Plant Nutrients in Arizona, by Crops

      Pawson, W. W.; Stanberry, C. O.; Fuller, W. H.; Tucker, T. C.; Pew, W. D.; Hillman, J. S. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
    • Fall Armyworm Control on Sweet Corn with Granular Insecticide

      Gerhardt, Paul D. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      Several seasons of work indicate that topical application of granular pesticides to the whorl of fall grown sweet corn will effectively control the fall armyworm. First application to be made when the corn is approximately 12 inches high, followed by one or two additional applications at intervals of one week. The following three materials: 5 percent Diazinon granular, 5 percent Zectran granular, and 2 percent Endrin granular are the most promising when applied at 20-30 pounds per acre.
    • Feasibility of Protectice Cropping (Plastic Greenhouse Production) in Central Arizona

      Foerman, B. R. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      After commercial production on a trial basis during a four-year period (1961-65), protective cropping of tomatoes and possibly a few other higher return vegetable crops shows a promising alternative enterprise for local production whosever risks are intensified. Better adapted varieties, disease control and market development are primary objectives to be overcome.
    • Fertilizer Placement in Potato Production

      Pew, W. D.; Park, J. H. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      The importance of proper fertilizer placement has been demonstrated in recent greenhouse studies. Small, seemingly unimportant changes in fertilizer placement often in reality are very important. Specially constructed boxes with glass fronts were used to study root development as affected by fertilizer placement. Yields were significantly different one from another with the poorer ones resulting where fertilizers were placed too close to the seed piece. Yields ranging from 298 cwt, where the fertilizer was placed two inches to each side and level with the seed piece; up to 367 cwt where the fertilizer was placed four inches to each side and two inches below the seed piece. Root burning and speed of root regeneration represent the most important consideration to be reckoned within the proper placement of fertilizer.
    • Fertilizer Studies with Potatoes in the Queen Creek Area

      Turner, Fred Jr.; Pew, W. D. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      In a fertilizer study in the Queen Creek area, a strong response to nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers was obtained. Potatoes did not respond to potassium when applied with nitrogen and phosphorus.
    • Influence of Seed Piece Size on Potato Yields

      Pew, W. D.; Park, J. H. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      During the past several years considerable experimenting has been aimed at developing methods for improving potato yields. One of the easiest and most effective ways found was to adjust the seed piece size and number of eyes per piece. Seed pieces were cut to meet the following size categories: 1/2, 1, 1-1/2, and 2 ounces and small whole tubers; 1-1/2, 2 and 2-3 ounces. Significant differences in yield were obtained between the various seed piece size treatments. The yield advantage was in favor of the larger size. The number of eyes per piece was less important except with the smallest size. In this case the seed pieces were incapable of adequately supplying plant growth from more than one eye. Small, whole tubers from good high yielding fields were found to be excellent for seed potato pieces.
    • Insect Control on Cabbage with New Pesticide Compounds

      Gerhardt, Paul D. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      A number of different chemicals have been evaluated for control of cabbage loopers and other lepidopterous pests of cole crops over the past several years. These materials are usually formulated as dusts or emulsifiable concentrates but some have been prepared as wettable powders or granular formulations. Some are more effective against one species of insect than another. Only a very few of the prospective pesticides passed all the required testing and became available commercially.
    • Irrigation Practices with Potatoes

      Pew, W. D.; Park, J. H. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      Data from five years of experimentation with irrigation and soil moisture levels indicate that a certain knowledge and general understanding of these factors is important in potato production. Nine treatments ranging from a constant very wet level to a constant dry treatment were used. Yield differences were significant and varied from a low of 321 cwt, from plants exposed to a very wet (18-20 centibars tension) level early in the season followed by a dry (75-80 centibars tension) condition during the last part of the growing season, to 416 cwt where the plants were kept at a dry level early and changed to a very wet level late in the season. Growers often unknowingly reduce yields and lower quality by applying excessive amounts of irrigation water.
    • Irrigation Studies with Carrots

      Pew, W. D.; Park, J. H. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      Data from four years of irrigation studies with carrots indicate this crop has a rather wide tolerance to varying soil moisture levels as measured by yield and quality of roots. Yields have varied between treatments from 514 to 665 crates per acre. Soil moisture levels ranging from a very wet level (18-20 centibars of tension) to a dry level (75-80 centibars of tension) have shown no significant differences in yield. Only from treatment 5, the very dry schedule, was the yield significantly lower than for all other treatments.
    • Irrigation Trials with Cabbage

      Pew, W. D.; Park, J. H. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      The influences of soil moisture are pronounced in cabbage grown under Arizona's semiarid conditions. An understanding of these effects is a must if the most effective cabbage production is to be achieved. High, constant levels of moisture reduces solidity, increases apparent size, reduces color and general market acceptance. On the other hand, dry soil moisture conditions increases solidity and color and reduces size and generally impairs market quality because of the smallness of size and the tough and woody texture of the cabbage thus produced. Best quality cabbage commensurate with acceptable yields and greatest effectiveness is obtained where moisture is kept at 75-80 centibars of tension.
    • Labor Requirements for Vegetable Crops in Arizona

      Pawson, Walter (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
    • Lettuce Insect Control with Experimental Insecticide Compounds

      Gerhardt, Paul D. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
      A number of chemical compounds have been field evaluated as potential pesticides for control of insects on lettuce over the past several years. The important pests of fall planted lettuce being the cabbage looper, beet armyworm and corn earworm. In addition to the chemical compounds, the disease organism Bacillus Thuringiensis was used. It is slower in acting, but can be quite effective, particularly against the cabbage looper. Some of the chemical compounds which have been evaluated and are now available commercially are Sevin, Dibrom and Bidrin. This evaluation will continue as new and possibly more effective materials are made available.
    • Lettuce Nutrition as Influenced by Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium and Magnesium Fertilization

      Stanersen, L. A.; Turner, Fred Jr. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)
    • Lettuce Packing Procedures

      Oebker, N. F.; Grounds, R. E.; Foerman, B. R. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1965-08)