• Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer Management for Young, Bearing Microsprinkler-Irrigated Citrus, Final Report

      Thompson, Thomas L.; White, Scott A.; Kusakabe, Ayako; Wright, Glenn (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2005)
      Higher nutrient and water use efficiency are possible with microsprinkler-irrigated citrus compared to flood-irrigated citrus. Therefore, new N and P fertilizer recommendations are needed for microsprinkler-irrigated citrus. The objectives of this project were to i) determine the effects of N applications of 0 - 0.8 lb/tree/yr on fruit yield, fruit and juice quality, and N and P removal in fruit for microsprinkler-irrigated navel oranges; ii) determine the effects of P applications of 0 - 0.2 lb/tree/yr on fruit yield, fruit and juice quality, and N and P removal in fruit, and iii) develop Best Management Practices for N and P fertigation of microsprinkler-irrigated citrus. Field experiments were conducted at the University of Arizona Citrus Agricultural Center in separate blocks of ‘Newhall’ and ‘Fukumoto’ navel oranges, both on ‘Carrizo’ rootstock. In each block, ten treatments, consisting of all possible combinations of 5 N rates (0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, and 0.8 lb N/tree/yr) and 2 P rates (0, 0.2 lb P/tree/year) were applied to five replicate trees per treatment. The maximum predicted yields for both varieties during all three seasons occurred at N rates of 0.4 to 0.55 lb N tree-1 yr-1. There were no significant effects of P application on fruit yield or quality. There were few significant effects of N or P fertilization on packout or fruit quality. The amounts of N removed in harvested fruit at the yield-maximizing N rates were equivalent to 50-84% of the N applied. New N fertilizer recommendations for microsprinkler-irrigated navel oranges are proposed.
    • Results of New Cultivar Selection Trials for Lemon in Arizona – 2005-06

      Wright, Glenn C.; Wright, Glenn; Department of Plant Sciences, University of Arizona; Yuma Mesa Agriculture Center, Yuma, AZ (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2005)
      Three lemon cultivar selection trials are being conducted at the Yuma Mesa Agriculture Center in Somerton, AZ. Data from these trials suggest that ‘Limonero Fino 49’ selections may be a suitable alternative for the varieties most commonly planted in Southwest Arizona today. ‘Femminello’ and ‘Villafranca’ might also be planted on an experimental basis.
    • Use of Plant Growth Regulators for Improving Lemon Fruit Size - 2005

      Wright, Glenn C.; Wright, Glenn; Department of Plant Sciences, University of Arizona; Yuma Mesa Agriculture Center, Yuma, AZ (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2005)
      Lemons were treated with several plant growth regulators for the 2005-06 season, with the hope of improving fruit size. These PGR’s included CropSet, Accel, Maxim, Messenger and MT350. Although there were some increases in yield, these were just trends, and were not statistically significant. Similarly, there was no improvement in fruit size with application of the treatment