AuthorMcCloskey, William B.
AffiliationDepartment of Plant Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ
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AbstractExperiments were conducted at the University of Arizona Safford and Maricopa Agricultural Centers during the 2001 cotton season to compare the effectiveness of 0.5 and 1.0 lb a.i./A topical applications of Buctril (bromoxynil) on annual morningglory species. At Safford, the percent control of annual morningglory was statistically greater following 1.0 lb a.i./A Buctril applications at 97 percent control compared to 83 percent control resulting from 0.5 lb a.i./A Buctril applications. Both the 0.5 and 1.0 lb a.i./A Buctril rates, had similar initial effects on morningglory seedlings. Initial leaf symptoms included a dark-green “water soaked” appearance that progressed into leaf necrosis. At both rates, all morninglory leaf tissue was destroyed leaving green stems which sometimes remained viable and produced new leaves rather than turning chlorotic and dying. The number of escapes in the center two rows of four-row plots was significantly greater after 0.5 lb a.i./A Buctril applications at 12.4 escapes compared to 1.5 escapes following 1.0 lb a.i./A Buctril applications. An average of 12 escapes in an area 40 ft by two cotton rows is sufficient to cause substantial yield losses in the absence of other control methods. At Maricopa, there was no statistically significant difference in the phytotoxicity caused by 0.5 and 1.0 lb a.i./A Buctril rates when applied to 1, 2, or 3 true-leaf exposed morningglory seedlings (i.e., not partially covered or shaded by other plants) that were thoroughly contacted by the herbicide sprays. Both experiments found that morningglory control was significantly greater following two sequential 0.5 lb a.i./A Buctril applications compared to a single 1.0 lb a.i./A application due to continued emergence of seedlings. Growers with morningglory infested fields that make a 1.0 lb a.i./A application should be prepared to make an early season post-direct application using other herbicides to control later emerging morningglory plants.