Evaluation of Envoke by Pix Interaction in Arizona Cotton Production Systems
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AbstractA single trial was conducted during the 2005 cotton growing season at The University of Arizona Safford Agricultural Center to evaluate the effects of the selective herbicide Envoke in combination and alone with the plant growth regulator (Pix). Combining applications of chemical inputs in a crop production system has the potential to help reduce costs by eliminating a trip across the field with equipment. The effects of these applications on growth, development, yield, and fiber quality was investigated. The trial was arranged with seven treatments including 1) control, 2) broadcast Envoke, 3) post-direct Envoke, 4) broadcast Pix, 5) broadcast Envoke + Pix, 6) post-direct Envoke followed by broadcast Pix, and 7) broadcast Pix followed by post-direct Envoke. These treatments were imposed in both normal and high soil moisture regimes. Plots were arranged in a randomized complete block design with four replications in two separate studies (normal and high soil moisture). Plots were monitored for effects on plant growth and development throughout the season by collecting a series of plant measurements from each treatment. Effects on final lint yield and fiber quality was determined by harvesting the center two rows of each four-row plot and weighing the resultant seed cotton. A sub-sample was collected for lint turnout and fiber quality analysis. Results indicated very little differences in plant growth and development among any of the treatments in both the normal and high moisture regimes. Significant differences were observed among lint yield and fiber quality parameters. Analysis of variance indicated significant effects due to treatment in lint yield, fiber length, strength, and uniformity. Significant differences were also observed due to soil moisture with respect to micronaire and fiber strength. Significant interaction between treatment and moisture regime was observed in micronaire, fiber length, strength, and uniformity. Results indicate that even though plant growth and development did not appear to be significantly impacted by the application of Pix + Envoke, lint yield was impacted. In both the normal and high soil moisture regimes the treatment receiving the combined application of Pix and Envoke produced the lowest yield.