Evaluation of Various PPO Inhibitors as Defoliants for Upland Cotton
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AbstractThis study was conducted in 2005 at the University of Arizona Maricopa Agricultural Center. The objective was to compare the performance of various PPO inhibitors [Aim (carfentrazone-ethyl), ET (pyraflufen-ethyl), Blizzard (fluthiacet-methyl) and Resource(flumiclorac)] as stand-alone defoliation treatments either as a single or sequential application, or tank mixed with Ginstar or CottonQuik. Plots were arranged in a randomized, complete block design with four replicates. Each plot was composed of four, 40 inch rows that measured 25 feet long. Delta and Pine variety DP 449BR was planted on 12 April 2005. Treatments included: Ginstar @ 6 oz/A, Ginstar @ 8 oz/A, Aim @ 1 oz/A, ET @ 1.5 oz/A, Resource @ 8 oz/A and Blizzard @ 0.5 oz/A, Aim followed by Aim, ET followed by ET, Blizzard followed by Blizzard, Resource followed by Resource, Ginstar @ 6 oz/A plus Aim, Ginstar plus ET, Ginstar plus Resource, Ginstar plus Blizzard, CottonQuik at 32 oz/A plus Aim, CottonQuik plus ET, CottonQuik plus Resource, and CottonQuik plus Blizzard. All treatments receiving a PPO inhibitor also contained a Crop Oil Concentrate at 1% v/v. None of the PPO inhibitors applied as a single application performed as well as Ginstar at either the 6 oz/A or 8 oz/A rates. At 14 days after treatment (DAT), both Aim and Blizzard achieved 74% defoliation, Resource 69% and ET 60%. For sequential applications at 14 DAT, Aim at 1.5 oz/A followed eight days later by a second application of Aim performed as well as the standalone applications of Ginstar at 6 oz/A and 8 oz/A. Two applications of Blizzard at 0.5 oz/A eight days apart defoliated as well as Ginstar at 6 oz/A. Tank mixing any of the four PPO inhibitors with Ginstar did not improve defoliation over Ginstar alone, at either rate nor did defoliation rates decrease as a result of the mixes. A mixture of Aim + CottonQuik (75%) defoliated as well as a standalone treatment of Ginstar (82%).