2006 Arizona Cotton Growers Association Breeding Program Advanced and Preliminary Strain Testing Program
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AbstractA series of experiments were conducted across two locations in Arizona to evaluate 32 advanced and preliminary strains from the Arizona Cotton Growers Breeding Program. These trials were conducted in Yuma, AZ (130 ft. above MSL) and Maricopa, AZ (1170 ft. above MSL). Strains were planted in four row plots extending 38 feet in a randomized complete block design with a minimum of four replications. Each location had three commercial cotton varieties included as control treatments for comparison. Data collected on these trials included a series of plant measurements at three growth stages over the course of the season and yield and fiber quality data. All data were subjected to statistical analysis to test for differences among strains for yield and fiber quality. Both locations produced high yields despite high levels of heat stress in the lower deserts. Statistically significant differences were observed in yield and all fiber quality parameters at each location. Yield was down in Yuma as compared to previous years ranging from 1100 to 1800 lbs lint/acre. Yield at Maricopa was up significantly from last year with yields ranging from 1400 to 2100 lbs lint/acre. Significant increases in staple length was observed with several ACGA lines over control varieties at both locations with one line in particular producing a staple length of nearly 40 (ACGA 107). Several ACGA lines possess excellent fiber quality and performed well in terms of yield at both locations.