• Defoliation Research on Upland and Pima Cotton at the Maricopa Agricultural Center in 1994

      Nelson, J. M.; Hart, G. L.; Silvertooth, Jeff (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1995-03)
      Field studies were conducted at the Maricopa Agricultural Center to evaluate the effectiveness of selected defoliation treatments on Pima and upland cotton under warm and cool weather conditions. Air temperatures were high for tests conducted on 16 and 22 September and cool for tests conducted on 14 October. In September tests, Pima cotton was more susceptible to leaf desiccation after applications of defoliants than upland cotton. Single applications of Ginstar or Dropp + Def gave good defoliation in September tests. In October, Pima cotton was effectively defoliated by chemical treatments but a single application of defoliants did not provide acceptable defoliation of upland cotton.
    • Effect of Combinations of Accelerate and other Defoliants on Defoliation and Yield of Pima and Upland Cotton

      Nelson, J. M.; Hart, G. L.; Silvertooth, Jeff (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1995-03)
      Field studies were conducted at the Maricopa Agricultural center to evaluate the effectiveness of Accelerate when used in combination with other defoliants. In addition, an experimental compound was tested as a boll opener. Air temperatures were very high at the time these tests were conducted and most defoliant treatments caused desiccation of Pima leaves 7 days after treatments were applied. Several treatments did result in acceptable defoliation of Pima cotton 14 days after application. In the upland test, Ginstar used alone resulted in higher defoliation percentages than any combination of defoliants. Boll opener treatments had no effect on boll opening of Pima or upland cotton. In these tests, there were no differences among treatments in lint yield or fiber properties.
    • Effect of Plant Water Status on Defoliation of Pima Cotton

      Nelson, J. M.; Hart, G. L.; Silvertooth, Jeff (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1995-03)
      A study was conducted at the University of Arizona Maricopa Agricultural Center, Maricopa, AZ in 1994 to determine the influence of plant water status at the time of defoliation on effectiveness of defoliants and yield of Pima cotton. Several irrigation termination dates were used to achieve different levels of plant water stress at the time defoliants were applied. A single application of defoliants did not provide adequate defoliation under the conditions of this test. The earliest irrigation termination date resulted in the highest defoliation percentage. High CWSI values at the time defoliants were applied were related to the highest defoliation percentages, but were not necessarily related to satisfactory defoliation. The CWSI appears to have limited value as a guide to determine when to defoliate Pima cotton.
    • Pima Cotton Regional Variety Trial, Safford Agricultural Center, 1994

      Clark, L. J.; Carpenter, E. W.; Hart, G. L.; Nelson, J. M.; Silvertooth, Jeff (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1995-03)
      Ten long staple varieties (including two Pima experimental lines) were tested in a replicated small plot trial on the Safford Agricultural Center in Graham county at an elevation of 2950 feet. Even though the total number of heat units received during the season was nearly as high as the previous year, the average yield was nearly 300 pounds per acre lower. Olvey and Associates OA 304 was the highest yielding variety with a yield of 776 pounds per acre of lint and only two varieties broke the bale and a half mark. Yield and other agronomic data as well as fiber quality data are contained in this paper.
    • Pima Regional Variety Test; Maricopa Agricultural Center, 1994

      Hart, G. L.; Nelson, J. M.; Clark, L. J.; Silvertooth, Jeff (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1995-03)
      Nine Pima varieties and experimental strains were grown in a replicated trial at the Maricopa Agricultural Center. Lint yield, boll size, lint percent, plant population and fiber property data are presented in this report.
    • Short Staple Cotton Advanced Strains Trial, Safford Agricultural Center, 1994

      Clark, L. J.; Carpenter, E. W.; Hart, G. L.; Nelson, J. M.; Silvertooth, Jeff (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1995-03)
      Twenty six short staple advanced strains/varieties were grown in a replicated field trial on the Safford Agricultural Center. SureGrow SGX247 was the highest yielding cultivar in the trial with a lint yield of 1628 pounds per acre. The exciting feature of this trial is that the top two swains exceeded the highest yield in the Regional variety trial by 100 to 150 pounds of lint. This is the first time that so many advanced strains were tested in a given year. The site at Safford gives cotton breeders an insight as to how their advanced strains or new varieties will perform in the high deserts of Arizona and New Mexico. HVI data for the varieties in the trial indicate that the average fiber length was greater than 1.11 inches and the average fiber strength was greater than 30 grams/tex.
    • Short Staple Regional Cotton Variety Trial, Safford Agricultural Center, 1994

      Clark, L. J.; Carpenter, E. W.; Hart, G. L.; Nelson, J. M.; Silvertooth, Jeff (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1995-03)
      Fifty five short staple varieties were grown in a replicated field trial on the Safford Agricultural Center. Germain's GC 9033, a variety with the same apparent maturity as DP 90 was the top variety for seedcotton yield but came in third place in lint yield behind two varieties from Australia. Average yields were about 200 lbs per acre lower than 1993, which were about 200 pounds per acre lower than in 1992. HW data for the varieties in the trial are included in this report.
    • Upland Advance Strains Cotton Variety Test at the Maricopa Agricultural Center

      Hart, G. L.; Nelson, J. M.; Clark, L. J.; Silvertooth, Jeff (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1995-03)
      Thirty -six upland cotton advance strains were grown in a replicated trial at the Maricopa Agricultural Center. Lint yield, boll size, lint percent, plant population and fiber property data are presented in this report.
    • Upland Regional Cotton Variety Test at the Maricopa Agricultural Center, 1994

      Hart, G.; Nelson, J. M.; Clark, L. J.; Silvertooth, Jeff (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1995-03)
      Twenty-seven upland cotton varieties were grown in a replicated test at the Maricopa Agricultural Center as part of the National Cotton Variety Testing Program. Lint yield, boll size, lint percent, plant population and fiber property data are presented in this report.