• Grammatical Relations, Lexical Rules, and Japanese Syntax

      Marantz, Alec; Massachusetts Institute of Technology (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle, 1981)
    • Paradigmatic Structures and Word Formation

      Miyagawa, Shigeru; Ohio State University (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle, 1981)
      In this paper I will propose an organization of the lexicon in which all verb stems are arranged according to their meaning and the number of NP arguments they subcategorize. I will take data from Japanese to show that this organization, which I will refer to as paradigmatic structures, makes predictions about meanings associated with morphological derivatives. I will in particular look at the causative morpheme sas to illustrate this. I will further show that the paradigmatic structures are part of a larger system that provides a general constraint on all word formation processes.
    • Lexicalist Grammar and Japanese Passives

      Hasegawa, Nobuko; University of Washington (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle, 1981)
    • Modularity

      Farmer, Ann Kathleen; University of Arizona (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle, 1981)
    • Anaphora in Japanese: Kare and Zibun

      Kitagawa, Chisato; University of Arizona (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle, 1981)
      In this paper I will present a preliminary examination of two forms that participate in anaphoric relation in Japanese, i.e., reflexive zibun 'self' and pronominal kare 'he'. As such, the objective is not so much to argue for or propose definite solutions to the problems any of them may pose, as to clarify the nature of the problems involved. Section 1 examines two properties which have been ascribed to zibun, one having to do with c- command relation as suggested by Hasegawa (1981a), and the other, the widely held subject- antecedent condition. Additionally we will also see how discourse factors affect the interpretation of zibun. Section 2 deals with kare in connection with Oshima's (1979) Disjoint Reference analysis of it, as well as to Chomsky's (1979a) Binding Theory.
    • Adversity

      Oehrle, Richard T.; Nishio, Hiroko; University of Arizona (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle, 1981)
    • A Categorial Treatment of Scrambling in Japanese

      Kurahone, Akira; University of Texas at Austin (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle, 1981)
      In generative studies of Japanese, the term 'Scrambling' has been used to account for the intuitively obvious relationship bebween sentences like (la) and (lb). (1) a. John-ga (subj) Bill-o (obj) mi-ta. (see-past) b. Bill-o (obj) John-ga (subj) mi-ta. (see-past) 'John saw Bill.' The phenomenon has presented linguists with an interesting problem. especially in conjunction with treatments of other linguistic phenomena (e.g., Case - Marking, Reflexivization, etc.). This paper presents a categorial treatment of Scrambling in a simplex sentence. The basic framework has been taken from Montague's Universal Grammar (1970) and Proper Treatment of Quantification in Ordinary English (1973). The purpose of this paper is two -fold. It attempts to provide (i) a categorial syntax capable of directly generating scrambled variants of a canonical form, and (ii) a semantic account for the truth functional meaning equivalence among variants. While a direct generation approach is not new (e.g., Whitman (1979), Hale (1980), Farmer (1980), Chomsky (1980), Ostler (1980), etc.), there is yet no universally accepted analysis that offers a rigorous semantic account.
    • Some Recent Trends in Syntactic Theory and the Japanese Language

      Kuroda, S.-Y.; University of California at San Diego (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle, 1981)
    • A Modular Approach to "Passives"

      Jaeggli, Osvaldo A.; University of Southern California (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle, 1981)