• A Categorial Treatment of Scrambling in Japanese

      Kurahone, Akira; University of Texas at Austin (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle (Tucson, Arizona), 1981)
      In generative studies of Japanese, the term 'Scrambling' has been used to account for the intuitively obvious relationship bebween sentences like (la) and (lb). (1) a. John-ga (subj) Bill-o (obj) mi-ta. (see-past) b. Bill-o (obj) John-ga (subj) mi-ta. (see-past) 'John saw Bill.' The phenomenon has presented linguists with an interesting problem. especially in conjunction with treatments of other linguistic phenomena (e.g., Case - Marking, Reflexivization, etc.). This paper presents a categorial treatment of Scrambling in a simplex sentence. The basic framework has been taken from Montague's Universal Grammar (1970) and Proper Treatment of Quantification in Ordinary English (1973). The purpose of this paper is two -fold. It attempts to provide (i) a categorial syntax capable of directly generating scrambled variants of a canonical form, and (ii) a semantic account for the truth functional meaning equivalence among variants. While a direct generation approach is not new (e.g., Whitman (1979), Hale (1980), Farmer (1980), Chomsky (1980), Ostler (1980), etc.), there is yet no universally accepted analysis that offers a rigorous semantic account.
    • Grammatical Relations, Lexical Rules, and Japanese Syntax

      Marantz, Alec; Massachusetts Institute of Technology (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle (Tucson, Arizona), 1981)
    • Lexicalist Grammar and Japanese Passives

      Hasegawa, Nobuko; University of Washington (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle (Tucson, Arizona), 1981)
    • A Modular Approach to "Passives"

      Jaeggli, Osvaldo A.; University of Southern California (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle (Tucson, Arizona), 1981)
    • Modularity

      Farmer, Ann Kathleen; University of Arizona (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle (Tucson, Arizona), 1981)
    • Paradigmatic Structures and Word Formation

      Miyagawa, Shigeru; Ohio State University (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle (Tucson, Arizona), 1981)
      In this paper I will propose an organization of the lexicon in which all verb stems are arranged according to their meaning and the number of NP arguments they subcategorize. I will take data from Japanese to show that this organization, which I will refer to as paradigmatic structures, makes predictions about meanings associated with morphological derivatives. I will in particular look at the causative morpheme sas to illustrate this. I will further show that the paradigmatic structures are part of a larger system that provides a general constraint on all word formation processes.
    • Some Recent Trends in Syntactic Theory and the Japanese Language

      Kuroda, S.-Y.; University of California at San Diego (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle (Tucson, Arizona), 1981)