Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening Patterns among Rural Hispanic and American Indian Women in Arizona
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractBreast and cervical cancer disparities among Hispanic and American Indian women are a significant public health problem. Breast cancer is the most common neoplasm among Hispanic women. Cervical cancer has a higher incidence and mortality among Hispanic women compared to non-Hispanic White women. Breast cancer detection often comes late for American Indian women and breast cancer survival for this population is relatively poor. Hispanic and American Indian women who reside in rural areas of Arizona are especially at-risk of non-participation in breast and cervical cancer screening programs. This dissertation utilized data from two sources: a health-education intervention trial designed to increase mammography screening among women living in a rural area along the U.S.-Mexico border of Arizona and survey data from multiple years of the Arizona Behavioral Risk Factor Survey (BRFS) focusing on breast and cervical cancer screening self-reported behaviors. The purpose of the dissertation research was to identify factors associated with cancer screening behaviors among Hispanic and American Indian women that reside in rural Arizona settings. Hispanic women who participated in the promotora-based educational intervention program were more likely to report receiving a mammogram at the followup compared to women who did not participate in the program. Results from both the baseline community survey and the BRFS showed that Hispanic women who received prior recommendations from a clinician to get both mammography and Pap smear were more likely to report they received a mammogram within the past year and a Pap smear within the past three years. Rural Hispanic and American Indian women reported lower rates of ever having had breast and cervical cancer screening compared to their urban counterparts. Breast and cervical cancer screening use in these populations can potentially be increased with at least two strategies. First, clinician recommendation of both mammograms and Pap smears and opportunistic screening during regular clinic visits may increase breast and cervical cancer screening coverage. Secondly, culturallyappropriate interventions that utilize promotoras or lay health advisors could increase screening rates. In conclusion, Hispanic and American Indian women that reside in rural areas of Arizona, whether throughout the State or along the U.S.-Mexico border, are two underserved populations in Arizona with low rates of breast and cervical cancer screening that need to be addressed in order to reduce the burden of cancer in these populations.
Degree ProgramGraduate College