Developments of Narrow-Linewidth Q-switched Fiber Laser, 1480 nm Raman Fiber Laser, and Free Space Fiber Amplifier
KeywordsFree-space fiber amplifier
Q-switched fiber laser
Raman fiber laser
Er/Yb co-doped fiber
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractIn the first chapter, a Q-switched fiber laser that is capable of generating transform-limited pulses based on single-frequency fiber laser seeded ring cavity is demonstrated. The output pulse width can be tuned from hundreds of nanoseconds to several microseconds. This Q-switched ring cavity fiber laser can operate over the whole C-band. In addition, a theoretical model is developed to numerically study the pulse characteristics, and the numerical results are in good agreements with the experimental results. In the next chapter, a Raman fiber laser is developed for generating signal at 1480 nm. Initial experimental results has demonstrated generating of Raman laser at 1175 nm, 1240 nm, 1315 nm, and 1395 nm wavelength. Finally, a free space fiber amplifier is studied both theoretically and experimentally. The experimental work has demonstrated signal coupling efficiency up to 90% in the NP highly Er/Yb co-doped phosphate fiber.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Degree GrantorUniversity of Arizona
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Multimode Interference in Optical Fibers and Its Applications in Fiber Lasers and AmplifiersPeyghambarian, Nasser; Zhu, Xiushan; Peyghambarian, Nasser; Schulzgen, Axel; Kueppers, Franko (The University of Arizona., 2008)Multimode interference (MMI) in optical fibers has been studied and its applications in optical fiber lasers and amplifiers have been proposed and demonstrated in this thesis. When a single-mode fiber is spliced onto a multimode fiber, quasi-reproduction of the field from the single-mode fiber, also called “self-imaging”, occurs periodically along the multimode fiber where the phase differences between the strongly excited modes are very small. The properties of self-imaging in multimode optical fibers have been investigated experimentally and theoretically in this thesis. Key parameters for the design of MMI-based fiber devices have been defined and their corresponding values have been provides for the 50 μm and 105 μm multimode fibers. By use of the self-imaging effect, a fiber laser with single-transverse-mode output while using a multimode rare-earth-doped fiber has been demonstrated as an alternative route to overcome the constraints of an active single-mode fiber. The first MMI-based fiber laser in the world has provided a perfect beam quality (M² = 1.01) and an inherent narrow spectrum (Δλ(3dB) < 0.5 nm). Linearly-polarized narrow-linewidth single-transverse-mode emission has also been obtained from a MMI fiber laser utilizing a single-mode fiber inscribed with a polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating. Moreover, high power MMI fiber lasers and amplifiers utilizing rare-earth doped silica large-core multimode fibers have been proposed and their critical features, such as efficiency, optical spectrum, and beam quality, have been investigated. On the other hand, because exclusively excited LP₀, n modes inside the multimode fiber segment are represented by apertured Bessel fields that have long propagation invariant distances, nondiffracting beams can be generated from the MMI-based fiber devices. In this thesis, the principle of generating nondiffracting beams from multimode optical fibers has been described and the propagation characteristics of the generated beams have been investigated. Active MMI fiber devices to generate tens of watts or even hundreds of watts nondiffracting beams have also been proposed.
Nd-doped Fiber Lasers and Fiber Amplifiers at 9xx nmZhu, Xiushan; Peyghambarian, Nasser; Song, Jiawei; Liang, Rongguang (The University of Arizona., 2016)The lasers operating in the wavelength range of 900 - 1000 nm have caused intense attention because they are in great demands for: 1. Highpower blue and deep UV laser generation 2. High power single-mode pump laser source 3. Light detection and Lidar , etc. And now, there are actually many different types of lasers can generate laser in this wavelength range. For example, Nd and Yb doped fiber laser, Nd and Yb doped glass and crystal lasers, OPO and SHG laser, etc. Among all this options, we decided to study the Nd-doped fiber laser for their outstanding advantages: 1. As fiber laser, it possess all the advantages of any fiber lasers have, such as: high power scalability, excellent beam quality, high spectral and intensity stability, super compactness, robustness and reliability. 2. Comparing to other rare-earth-ion, the Nd^3+ ions have a more broad emission wavelength range from 900-950 nm. My goals for doing this thesis research are:1.Experimentally and theoretically investigate Nd-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers at 9xx nm. 2. Develop 9xx nm single frequency fiber lasers and amplifiers. 3.Obtain directions for developing high power single-frequency Nd-doped fiber laser sources at 9xx nm. To achieve these goals, 1. Nd-doped fiber lasers at 934 nm were investigated. 2. Core-pumped and cladding-pumped Nd-doped fiber amplifiers are also investigated. 3. The simulation of the Nd-doped fiber amplifiers have been done.
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