KeywordsPerceptual quality control
Visually lossless compression
Electrical & Computer Engineering
AdvisorMarcellin, Michael W.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractImage sizes have increased exponentially in recent years. The resulting high-resolution images are typically encoded in a lossy fashion to achieve high compression ratios. Lossy compression can be categorized into visually lossless and visually lossy compression depending on the visibility of compression artifacts. This dissertation proposes visually lossless coding methods as well as a visually lossy coding method with perceptual quality control. All resulting codestreams are JPEG2000 Part-I compliant.Visually lossless coding is increasingly considered as an alternative to numerically lossless coding. In order to hide compression artifacts caused by quantization, visibility thresholds (VTs) are measured and used for quantization of subbands in JPEG2000. In this work, VTs are experimentally determined from statistically modeled quantization distortion, which is based on the distribution of wavelet coefficients and the dead-zone quantizer of JPEG2000. The resulting VTs are adjusted for locally changing background through a visual masking model, and then used to determine the minimum number of coding passes to be included in a codestream for visually lossless quality under desired viewing conditions. The proposed coding scheme successfully yields visually lossless images at competitive bitrates compared to those of numerically lossless coding and visually lossless algorithms in the literature.This dissertation also investigates changes in VTs as a function of display resolution and proposes a method which effectively incorporates multiple VTs for various display resolutions into the JPEG2000 framework. The proposed coding method allows for visually lossless decoding at resolutions natively supported by the wavelet transform as well as arbitrary intermediate resolutions, using only a fraction of the full-resolution codestream. When images are browsed remotely, this method can significantly reduce bandwidth usage.Contrary to images encoded in the visually lossless manner, highly compressed images inevitably have visible compression artifacts. To minimize these artifacts, many compression algorithms exploit the varying sensitivity of the human visual system (HVS) to different frequencies, which is typically obtained at the near-threshold level where distortion is just noticeable. However, it is unclear that the same frequency sensitivity applies at the supra-threshold level where distortion is highly visible. In this dissertation, the sensitivity of the HVS for several supra-threshold distortion levels is measured based on the JPEG2000 quantization distortion model. Then, a low-complexity JPEG2000 encoder using the measured sensitivity is described. The proposed visually lossy encoder significantly reduces encoding time while maintaining superior visual quality compared with conventional JPEG2000 encoders.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Electrical & Computer Engineering